Corneal Edema Signs: Symptoms of Corneal Edema
Symptoms of Corneal Edema: How to Diagnose?
Causes of Corneal Edema: Causes of Corneal Edema
How to Treat Corneal Edema?
Treatment of Corneal Edema
What are the treatments for corneal edema? What are the treatment options for corneal edema?
The following table lists some of the most common causes of corneal edema. The first column shows whether or not there is any evidence that suggests that these conditions may increase your risk of developing corneal edema. If the answer is yes, then you will want to avoid those conditions. The second column lists the recommended treatment options for each condition.
Prevention of Corneal Edema Prevention of Corneal Edema Treatment Options Treatment Options Acute bacterial infection (Staphylococcus aureus) antibiotics such as erythromycin or tetracycline. You can get them from your veterinarian, but they should only be used under medical supervision. Bacterial infection (P.
aeruginosa) may require more complex treatment. Your pet will need to be hospitalized and given systemic antibioticsOphthalmic antibacterial gels such as tobramycin or ofloxacin may be used for short periods. The pH of the eye may also need to be decreased long-term. Viral infection There is no cure, but the virus does not appear to be able to survive outside the body for long. Your pet will need intensive supportive care such as intravenous fluids and antiviral drugs (such as amantadine or luteolin).
The following are some of the most common causes of corneal edema. This means that these conditions may increase your risk of developing corneal edema. If you have a higher risk of developing corneal edema then you may want to take extra care to avoid these conditions.
Do not enter into any of these conditions without seeking medical advice:
Infection or an injury of the eye (Trauma). This is a common cause of swollen eyes. Any activity that involves an injury to the eye, face, or head may increase your risk of developing corneal edema.
This includes eye-poking, scratches to the face or head, and certain types of surgery.
Giant Cell Arteritis. This is an autoimmune condition that affects the blood vessels. It can cause inflammation of the head, eyes, nose and throat.
If you have this condition then you are more likely to develop swollen eyes and a decreased sense of smell. You need to see your doctor immediately.
Sjogren’s syndrome is a condition that affects the immune system. It may cause dry eyes, dry mouth, and swollen eyes. You should see your doctor immediately if you have these symptoms.
Drug side effects (such as diuretics, antihistamines, or antidepressants). You can get swelling in the face or eyes after using certain drugs. Please seek medical advice before taking drugs if you have a history of swollen eyes.
Cataract surgery. If you have had a cataract or similar eye surgery then you are more likely to develop swollen eyes. You should seek medical advice if you notice swelling in the weeks following the operation.
Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects the bone marrow, and it may sometimes affect the eye as well. The most common symptom is painless swelling in one or both eyes. The eye may also feel like there is a foreign body in it.
You should seek urgent medical advice.
You may also be at risk of developing the following conditions:
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD). MGD is a condition that affects the glands in the eyelids that produce an oily substance called meibum. It may result in the sensation of having a foreign body in the eye, redness, or swelling.
You should see your doctor for treatment.
Shallow Eye Socket. If you have shallow eye socket then you are at risk of the lower part of your eyeball (the part behind your iris) becoming exposed. This may cause the underlying parts of your eye to swell, resulting in a swollen eye.
You should see your doctor immediately if you have any concerns.
Oral Contraceptives. There is a link between the use of birth control pills and the development of swollen eyes. The exact link is not yet fully understood.
If you notice swelling then you should seek medical advice.
Tuberculosis. This is a disease that affects the lungs and can also impact the eye. You may experience a fever, night sweats, and a swollen face or eyes as symptoms.
You should seek urgent medical advice if you experience these symptoms.
Learn more here.
Sources & references used in this article:
Critical oxygen levels to avoid corneal edema for daily and extended wear contact lenses. by BA Holden, GW Mertz – Investigative ophthalmology & visual …, 1984 – iovs.arvojournals.org
Corneal edema and intraocular pressure: II. Clinical results by J Ytteborg, CH Dohlman – Archives of ophthalmology, 1965 – jamanetwork.com
The effect of corneal edema on visual function. by RF Hess, LF Garner – Investigative ophthalmology & visual …, 1977 – iovs.arvojournals.org
The 50-year epidemic of pseudophakic corneal edema by GO Waring – Archives of Ophthalmology, 1989 – jamanetwork.com
Persistent corneal edema after collagen cross-linking for keratoconus by A Sharma, JM Nottage, K Mirchia, R Sharma… – American journal of …, 2012 – Elsevier