What’s Causing My Groin Lump, and How Do I Treat It

What Is A Cyst?

Cysts are small sacs filled with fluid inside the body. They form when certain cells become overactive and produce too much fluids. These excess fluids cause the tissue around them to swell up, which then causes other tissues to expand as well. This swelling eventually results in a bulge or mass of fluid within the affected area. The cyst may be large enough to fill a fist or it may not even affect your genitals at all! Cysts are usually harmless and do not require treatment. However, if they grow larger than about 2 inches (5 cm) or interfere with normal function, surgery may be necessary.

How Does One Get A Cyst?

A cyst is most commonly caused by scarring from previous surgeries or trauma such as childbirth. Scarring can occur anywhere on the body, but it tends to happen in areas where there is a high risk of injury like your spine or joints. If a cyst occurs near one of these areas, it will almost certainly need to be removed. Other times, a cyst may develop in the groin itself. In some cases, the cyst may appear spontaneously during puberty or after pregnancy. Occasionally, a woman might get a cyst while having her period.

Symptoms Of A Cyst

The symptoms of a cyst depend on how big it is and what part of your body it affects. Some cysts may never cause you to feel pain. Other cysts may grow so large that they affect your ability to walk.

Larger cysts might reach the point where they begin to protrude outside the body. Cysts in the groin area tend to cause bulges or lumps under the skin. In males, a large cyst might push against the scrotum and cause one or both testicles to descend. There are many different types of cysts, so some may cause you pain while others do not.

Treatment Of A Cyst

Most cysts are harmless and do not need to be treated. However, if a cyst develops in a location that interferes with your ability to walk or interferes with the appearance of your body, surgery may be necessary. Types of treatment vary depending on the type and size of cyst.

Smaller cysts may be treated with medication or by draining fluid from the cyst using a needle. Larger cysts may require surgery to remove the cyst and fix any damage it has caused.

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Inner Groin

What Is An Inner Groin?

Sometimes, a cyst will form in one’s inner groin. These cysts can range in size from pea sized to as large as a cantaloupe. An inner groin is more common in men than women, but it can sometimes affect both sexes. While some inner groins are superficial and do not require immediate attention, large or painful groins may require surgery. If you think you may have an inner groin, please consult your physician immediately.

Symptoms Of An Inner Groin

The symptoms of an inner groin can vary depending on the location and size of the cyst. Some groins do not cause any pain or other issues and can be left alone without treatment. Other groins are small and cause little to no pain, but may need to be treated with medication.

Large or painful groins may require surgery if they begin to affect your ability to walk or become so large that they protrude outside the body.

Treatment Of An Inner Groin

The treatment for an inner groin also depends on the size and location of the cyst. Most small, superficial cysts do not require treatment at all. Surgery is often only necessary for painful or large cysts.

The method of treatment for an inner groin also depends on whether or not the cyst is cancerous. For noncancerous cysts, your doctor may choose to inject cortisone into the cyst to reduce the inflammation and pain. If this does not work, your doctor may choose to drain the cyst using a needle. If these treatments fail or the cyst is cancerous, more invasive surgery may be required to remove the cyst.

Painful Embarrassment

What Is A Painful Embarrassment?

A painful embarrassment is exactly what it sounds like. A painful embarrassment is a cyst that causes pain or other issues with one’s ability to walk, run or engage in physical activity. A painful embarrassment is caused by a buildup of fluid in the knee joint. The fluid can be drained or aspirated using a needle. If the pain caused by the cyst persists after treatment, surgery may be necessary to remove the cyst.

Symptoms Of A Painful Embarrassment

Pain and swelling around the knee are the main symptoms of a painful embarrassment. Other symptoms include locking of the knee, difficulty walking and general pain when using the knee. If you experience these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

Treatment For A Painful Embarrassment

Dependent on the size and location of the cyst, treatment options may vary. Most painful embarassing cysts can be treated with a simple aspiration or needle drain. If this treatment fails to relieve pain or other symptoms, surgery may be necessary to drain the cyst or remove it entirely.

Surgical Removal

What Is Surgical Removal?

Surgical removal is the removal of a cyst via surgery. This is one of the most common types of treatment for most types of cysts. If you have a cyst that is painful or you suspect may be cancerous, surgical removal is almost always an option available to you.

Preparation For Surgical Removal

It is important to prepare for surgical removal by learning about the procedure and preparing your home to accommodate any potential complications that may arise after surgery. Learn how to take care of any bandages or dressings, as well as how to care for any incisions. Gather pillows, blankets and other things you may need to make yourself comfortable in the days following surgery.

It is also a good idea to prepare your family. Let them know you may need help after surgery and what they can do to help. If you have small children, make arrangements for them to be looked after by another adult.

The Procedure Itself

Surgery is almost always performed on an outpatient basis, unless other medical complications are present. Most surgeries are minimally invasive and done using only a few small incisions, so recovery times are short. Patients are often able to go home the day of surgery.

Recovery From Surgical Removal

The incisions will be bandaged and a drainage tube may be placed to help with any bleeding or oozing from the site. After surgery you will probably be taken to a recovery room where the staff will monitor your vital signs. You may also be given medication for pain.

The bandages will be changed during your stay in the hospital, and you may receive antibiotics through an IV. Most patients are sent home with pain medication and medication for blood clot prevention. Your doctor will give you further instructions.

Recovery times vary, but most patients feel up to doing daily tasks within 2 weeks of surgery. Within 3 to 6 weeks, most patients feel almost completely back to their normal selves. Within 8 weeks, the incisions should be fully healed.

Risks and Complications

As with any surgery, there are risks and potential complications that can arise. Some of these include:


All surgeries have a risk of infection, which is why doctors prescribe antibiotics during and after surgery. If you do develop an infection, it is usually treated with another round of antibiotics. In some cases, surgical removal may become necessary if the cyst becomes infected.


As with any surgery, bleeding is always a risk. Some bleeding can be controlled by medication and bandages. In more extreme cases, surgical removal may become necessary if the cyst has lost so much blood that it cannot survive.

Anesthetic Risks

Anytime general anesthesia is used there is a slight risk of death by oxygen deprivation. If this occurs, surgical removal may become necessary.

Nerve and Tissue Damage

While rare, there is a chance that the cyst may be attached to nerves or other important bodily structures. If damaged, these can cause long-term discomfort, numbness, pain or other complications.


Some lumps are benign and not capable of being cured by surgery. Even if the lump is actually a cyst, it may recur in the same area or in a different area.

Sources & references used in this article:

Sportsman hernia: what can we do? by JFW Garvey, JW Read, A Turner – Hernia, 2010 – Springer

A review of obturator hernia and a proposed algorithm for its diagnosis and treatment by SS Chang, YS Shan, YJ Lin, YS Tai, PW Lin – World journal of surgery, 2005 – Springer

Lymphadenopathy in children: when and how to evaluate by LS Nield, D Kamat – Clinical pediatrics, 2004 – journals.sagepub.com