What You Should Know About Having a Black Eye

What You Should Know About Having a Black Eye: A Stage Guide

Stage 1 – Minor Cut or Scratch

The first stage of a cut or scratch is called minor. The skin will heal within 2-3 days. If it’s not healed after 3 days, then you need to visit your doctor immediately. Some types of cuts are considered minor because they don’t require stitches, but other types may require stitches depending on the severity of the wound and its location.

Stage 2 – Moderate Cut or Scratch

If the wound is severe enough, then you’ll have to see a doctor right away. In this case, the wound needs to be closed with stitches. Stitches are usually applied using a special tool called a scalpel. There are several types of stitches used in medicine such as staples, sutures and even metal clips.

Stage 3 – Severe Cut or Scratch

In cases where the wound is very deep, it might require stitches to close completely. In this case, you’ll probably need to see a doctor right away. Sometimes when a person gets seriously injured, their body doesn’t respond well and they develop life threatening complications like infections or even death. These types of wounds are known as major injuries.

Major injuries may also require surgery if necessary.

Black Eye Basics

A black eye occurs when tissues around the eye become swollen. The most common cause of a black eye is an injury caused by a punch. Other causes include a physical blow to the face or head, blunt force trauma, high velocity impact, and other injuries caused by collision with an object. In rare cases, a severe medical condition can also cause swelling of the eye.

The skin covering the eye is called the periocular skin or the orbit. The entire region of the orbit and the area just in front of it is called the periorbital region. The eyebrow is part of this region, along with tissues around the eye (periocular), which is why a black eye caused by a punch will appear on the periocular region of the face.

The most common symptom of a black eye is the appearance of a dark or blueish-black discoloration on the skin around the eye. The skin will appear swollen and look similar to a shiny egg yolk. Other symptoms can include pain, light sensitivity, loss of vision, excessive tearing, headaches and blurry vision. More serious black eyes will also result in swelling on parts of the head or face that were struck during an assault.

How long will a black eye last?

A black eye caused by a severe injury or assault may take several weeks or even months to heal completely. In some cases, the affected area may show a small but permanent change of color after the bruises have healed. It is possible for a person to have two different colored eyes, but this is extremely rare. The skin on the eye orbit itself is quite thin and can be easily damaged by repeated trauma. Some people may experience some permanent changes in the color of the skin.

Even after a black eye has healed, the injury itself can still cause pain and problems. Eye injuries caused by trauma or blunt force are especially susceptible to tearing or bleeding. In some cases, heavy bleeding around the eye itself might require surgery to correct. If you have a medical condition (such as Buerger’s Disease) that affects blood circulation, then you will be more prone to bruising.

What to do if you experience a black eye

If you experience a black eye due to some type of injury or accident, then you should seek medical attention immediately. Even if you don’t see any serious physical damage, you may be at risk of bleeding in the eyes and elsewhere. This can lead to serious vision problems in the future.

Even a minor injury like a black eye can cause severe problems if it is left untreated. The longer you put off going to the doctor and receiving treatment, the higher your chance of developing a serious medical issue later on. Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to get hit really hard in order for there to be serious consequences. In some cases, a black eye can be caused by something as minor as bumping into a door.

Treatment for a black eye usually involves pain medication and eye drops in order to prevent infection or swelling. Some minor surgery might be required if there is damage to the underlying bones or tissues. There is a possibility that the effects of a minor concussion will be permanent. If you experience a loss of vision, double vision, severe headaches or any other symptom after being diagnosed with a black eye, you should seek immediate medical treatment.

How to treat a black eye at home

If you experience a minor black eye from an accident at home and don’t have any major pain or swelling, then the treatment is rather simple. The most important thing is to take some common sense steps in order to prevent the injury from becoming infected or harmed by outside elements. The following are some tips that can help you treat a black eye at home:

1. Remove any contact lenses.

2. Apply a cold compress or ice pack to the black eye several times a day for the first two days.

This helps reduce swelling and pain. Be sure to follow this step right after you have experienced the injury.

3. Take over-the-counter pain medication to reduce any swelling or inflammation that may occur.

Be sure to check with your doctor before taking these pills.

4. Keep the black eye elevated above the rest of your face for about 48 hours.

This helps to prevent swelling and reduces pain. You can place a cold pack underneath your cheek, but do not place it directly on the eye itself.

5. Get plenty of rest.

6. After 48 hours, you can switch to a warm compress or heating pad in order to reduce any remaining swelling.

7. Use eye drops to prevent infection and to lubricate the eye.

Ask your doctor what type is recommended for you.

8. Avoid any physical activity or exercise that might jar or jostle the injured area.

It is also important to keep the area around the black eye clean in order to prevent any outside elements from getting into the wound. You may apply a small amount of Vaseline to the edges of the eye to prevent additional irritation.

Sources & references used in this article:

Exxon Valdez: How to spend billions and still get a black eye by WJ Small – Public Relations Review, 1991 – Elsevier

The golem: What you should know about science by HM Collins, T Pinch – 1998 – books.google.com

Blackeye bean production in California by AE Hall, CA Frate – 1996 – books.google.com

Something’s Rotten in the State of Party-Appointed Arbitration: Healing ADR’s Black Eye That Is Nonneutral Neutrals by SH Lieberman – No. 2 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol., 2004 – HeinOnline