What You Need To Know About Stridor:
Stridor is a common condition which affects approximately 1% of children. It’s characterized by wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and fatigue.
Children with stridor are often unable to breathe properly and they may experience symptoms such as chest pain or even collapse due to suffocation. They are usually not able to sleep well either.
The cause of stridor is unknown but it is believed that it develops when there is inflammation in the airways. It can occur at any age and occurs most commonly during infancy.
There are several possible causes of stridor including allergies, viral infections, bacterial infections, congenital defects and other diseases like diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2).
In children with stridor, wheeze and cough are the main symptoms. Other signs include vomiting, irritability, poor feeding habits and difficulty sleeping.
Children with stridor need regular medical checkups to monitor their health.
How Is Stridor Treated?
Stridor is treated by taking steps to prevent further development of the condition. If necessary, doctors will prescribe medicines which reduce inflammation in the lungs and improve breathing. If the cause of stridor is an infection, treatment will be targeted at killing bacteria or reducing viral activity in the body.
In some cases, surgery may also be required to remove damaged areas and allow normal breathing. In serious cases, children may need assistance with their breathing through mechanical ventilators.
While this can help them get enough oxygen, these devices can also cause complications. Long-term mechanical ventilation may even be necessary in some cases.
How Can You Prevent Stridor?
In most cases, the exact cause of stridor cannot be identified. When the condition is caused by an allergic reaction, treatment depends on identifying and avoiding all potential allergens. In children with congenital heart disease, stridor can be prevented with timely treatment when diagnosed.
How to Deal With a Child With Stridor?
When a child develops stridor, the parents should seek medical help immediately. The doctor will do a physical examination and ask several questions about the child’s medical history. A child may experience complications such as difficulty sleeping, irritability, lack of appetite and fatigue due to stridor. It is important for parents to keep track of these changes in behavior.
How to Recognize Stridor?
Stridor is a condition in which a person makes a “stridor” sound while breathing. Breathing will be noisy and the child may experience chest pain or shortness of breath. Changes in behavior such as irritability, poor feeding habits and difficulty sleeping are also common. Other signs of stridor are fever, wheezing, cough and fatigue.
Outlook for a Child With Stridor?
The outlook for children with stridor is good if the condition is identified early and treated promptly. Even when the cause of stridor cannot be determined, most children recover well after treatment.
Sources & references used in this article:
Acute stridor due to bilateral vocal fold paralysis as a presenting sign of myasthenia gravis by JW Fairley, M Hughes – The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, 1992 – cambridge.org
The use of preoperative lidocaine to prevent stridor and laryngospasm after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy by C Koc, F Kocaman, E Aygenc… – … —Head and Neck …, 1998 – journals.sagepub.com
Invasive laryngeal candidiasis: a cause of stridor in the previously irradiated patient by S Ganesan, RPS Harar, RS Dawkins… – The Journal of …, 1998 – cambridge.org
Congenital laryngeal stridor by JAM Martin – The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, 1963 – cambridge.org
Rhabdomyoma of the larynx: a rare cause of stridor by DN Roberts, MJ Corbett, D Breen… – The Journal of …, 1994 – cambridge.org
Congenital Laryngeal Stridor with Dysphagia by D M’Kennzie, GS Williamson – The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, 1925 – cambridge.org
Common causes of congenital stridor in infants by CM Clark, K Kugler, MM Carr – … of the American Academy of PAs, 2018 – journals.lww.com
Acute inspiratory stridor: a presentation of myasthenia gravis by MA Matin, K Alam, K O’Driscoll… – The Journal of …, 1999 – cambridge.org