What Is A Calcified Granuloma?
A calcified granuloma (also called a granular carcinoma) is a benign tumor that forms in the tissue surrounding the lungs. It may form in any part of the respiratory tract, but most commonly occurs around the trachea or bronchi. There are two types: invasive and noninvasive. Invasive granulomas are tumors that grow from within the lung tissue itself; they are usually malignant. Noninvasive granulomas occur spontaneously without cause, such as due to trauma or infection. They may be small and hard to see, but if left untreated can spread throughout the body causing cancerous growths.
Calcification refers to the formation of hardened tissues in response to stress. These hardened tissues may become hardened into solid masses known as calcifications.
Tumors of the Lungs
The lungs are home to many different kinds of cells. Some are found only in the lungs, while others live outside the lung tissue and have their own organs. The lungs contain air sacs called alveoli, which are filled with fluid that allows oxygenated blood to enter and leave the body through tiny holes in them.
The type of cell that makes up the lung tissue directly affects how we perceive the world around us.
Tumors can either be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is an abnormal growth of cells that tend to continue growing and invading other parts of the body. Benign tumors, however, do not invade other parts of the body.
Benign tumors grow but remain in the area where they first started. The type of cells in a tumor can also affect the way it grows. For example, cancerous tumors have a blood and vein structure that allows them to grow uncontrollably. Benign tumors do not have this same kind of complex structure and, as a result, do not spread through the body’s vascular system.
Tumors can form in any part of the body, but are most common in areas with high cell reproduction rates such as the skin and reproductive organs. The lungs are home to many different types of cells, and tumors that form are based on the type of cell that begins to grow uncontrollably.
Benign tumors are not caused by unhealthy or abnormal cells. Instead, they form when normal cells grow in a location where they shouldn’t. Sometimes these growths can be seen by the naked eye.
They are made up of large groups of cells that grow together to form a mass. Other types of benign tumors are microscopic and can only be detected with the help of a microscope. Benign tumors are not cancerous, but can still cause complications if they grow in an area where they interfere with bodily functions.
Non-Cancerous Cells That Can Form Benign Tumors
Skin cells – These benign tumors are known as skin tags and commonly appear in folds of skin. Skin tags are not dangerous and do not require treatment.
Hair follicles – Hair follicle tumors, also known as “sebaceous cysts,” are lumps commonly found in the skin. They are usually yellow and covered by a thin layer of skin. They contain hair and a waxy, oily substance called sebum.
Fat cells – Fat tumors, or lipomas, are made up of fat cells that have grown in size.
Sources & references used in this article:
Severe Multisystem Involvement of Chronic Granulomatous Disease in a Pediatric Patient by Z Bayramoglu, I Adaletli, E Caliskan… – Journal of tropical …, 2019 – academic.oup.com
All you need to know about fungal CNS infection: 10 years experience of a tertiary hospital. by T Da Conceição, V Dowich, MS Kruger, A Klaes… – 2017 – researchgate.net
Neurocysticercosis by CM DeGiorgio, MT Medina, R Durón, C Zee… – Epilepsy …, 2004 – journals.sagepub.com