What Is Torus Palatinus And How Is It Treated?
Torus palatinus (or “pal” for short) is a term used to refer to the upper jawbone which forms part of the face. Its name comes from its shape, which resembles a fish’s fin or tail. It is one of the most prominent bones in your facial skeleton, and it serves as a bridge between your nasal cavity and your throat.
The lower jawbone, called mandible, is the other major bone in your face. It contains your teeth and jaws. Together they form the upper and lower jaws. Your face consists of two halves: the front half (the maxilla), which includes the nose; and the back half (mandible).
When you look at someone with a full set of teeth, their upper jaw looks like a fish’s head with a pair of dorsal fins sticking out from each side. Their lower jaw looks like a fish’s body with a pair of pectorial fins sticking out from each side.
Torus palatinus is located just above your ear, near the top of your skull. It connects to the rest of your face through the nasal passage. The opening to this passage is called the nasal septum, because it separates these two parts of your face. Its exact location varies from person to person.
Torus palatinus is often an inherited condition. If you have this condition, it usually becomes apparent in your early childhood. After surgery, it is rare for the bone to grow back again or even become displaced (as it sometimes does in adults).
When you are born, the bones of your face are not fully formed and are still developing. This development continues until you reach your mid-twenties. The upper jawbone is the last of these bones to fully harden and shape. As this bone is still growing and developing in children, it can be displaced by accident or surgery.
When this happens, the torus palatinus usually remains above the septum and is no longer connected to the rest of your face. A torus palatinus in children is usually pushed back into place by itself when the bone matures and develops.
Most people with torus palatinus have no other complications and can live a normal life. If they experience any problems, it occurs in their speech or breathing. Over time, some people suffer from speaking or breathing difficulties. When these problems do occur, they are usually treated effectively with surgery that removes the extra bone and sews the passage back up again.
Sources & references used in this article:
Current status of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis by AS García-García, JM Martínez-González… – Med Oral Patol Oral …, 2010 – academia.edu
What in the World Is This? A Large Oral Mass Seen During Endoscopy by MS Bhutani – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2019 – Elsevier
Torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in edentulous patients by FA Al Quran, ZN Al-Dwairi – J Contemp Dent Pract, 2006 – exodontia.info
The torus palatinus by RJ Godlee – 1909 – journals.sagepub.com
What is torus? by RN Riordain – dermnetnz.org
A nodular protuberance on the hard palate by B Ladizinski, KC Lee – JAMA, 2014 – jamanetwork.com
Variation in tooth size and arch dimension in Malaysian Malay subject with torus palatinus by MIM Noor, MF Tajuddin, MK Alam, R Basri, K Purmal… – Int. Med. J, 2014 – researchgate.net
To open the suture of the palate in a female adult despite a torus palatinus by A Jacobson – American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial …, 1988 – Mosby