What Is Polyarthralgia?
Polyarthralgia is a condition where there are multiple muscle groups that do not contract properly. For example, the hands may be able to move but they cannot produce any type of sound. This causes pain when performing tasks such as typing or writing. The muscles that are affected include:
Hips (gluteus medius)
Biceps (triceps brachii)
Shoulders (avulsed discs)
Wrists (flexor carpi radialis)
What Are The Different Types Of Polyarthralgia?
There are numerous types of Polyarthralgia. Some of the most common types of Polyarthralgia are given below.
Gonalgia: This is a condition where there is pain in the knees. There is no swelling or redness in the area. The knee pain due to this condition improves with rest and worsens with activity.
Osteoarthritis: This type of arthritis does not cause any redness, swelling, or fever. It is a degenerative condition as it increases in severity over time.
Chondrocalcinosis: This is a condition where there are small calcium build-ups within the joints. These build-ups are also known as calcium pyrophosphates. This condition can either be inherited or acquired.
Who Is At Risk Of Developing Polyarthralgia?
There are certain factors that can increase your risk of developing this condition. It is always important to note that there is no guaranteed way to prevent the incidence of this condition. Some of these risk factors include:
Older age: As you grow older, your bones become weaker and more brittle. This causes an increased risk of developing Polyarthralgia.
Gender: Men are more likely to develop this condition as compared to women.
Genetics: Some individuals have weak joints from birth or develop weak joints later in life. If you have immediate family members with weak joints then you are more likely to develop Polyarthralgia as well.
Other medical conditions: There are some medical conditions that can increase your risk of developing this condition. Some of these conditions include:
How Is Polyarthralgia Diagnosed?
There are numerous ways that your doctor can use to diagnose this condition. Some of these ways include:
Physical examination: The doctor will perform a physical examination and ask you questions in order to get more information about your condition. The physician may also test your reflexes to see if they are working normally. If your reflexes are not normal then you may have a serious condition such as spinal cord damage or nervous system failure due to disease or injury. This can be a life-threatening medical condition that requires immediate medical attention.
X-rays: Routine x-rays of the affected joints may help your physician in determining if there is any type of degenerative condition such as arthritis or bone spurs. Arthritis is a degenerative condition caused by wear and tear on the joints. Arthritis causes pain and swelling within the joint. Bone spurs are caused by the same condition and are little calcium deposits that form around the edges of a joint.
Blood tests: Your physician may order a blood test to check for signs of inflammation or other related conditions. Certain blood tests can help determine if you have other medical conditions that may be causing your symptoms.
How Is Polyarthralgia Treated?
There is currently no known cure for this condition. The only treatment method that may help you manage this condition is pain medication. In some cases, your physician may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This type of drug works to decrease inflammation, and treats the minor aches and pains caused by conditions such as arthritis.
Your physician may also prescribe a different type of drug known as a corticosteroid. These types of drugs can help decrease swelling, redness, and irritation caused by this condition.
Both of the types of drugs that are mentioned above can have side effects, so you should always follow your physician’s recommended dosages.
Physiotherapy: Your physician may also recommend that you seek out a physiotherapist for treatment. Physiotherapy is a type of treatment that helps improve your joint mobility, strength, and flexibility. Your physiotherapist will perform different exercises with you in order to help strengthen your joints and make them more flexible.
These exercises are very important in helping to prevent permanent damage to your joints. It is very important to follow the recommended treatment plan that your physiotherapist gives you. In some cases, your physician may also prescribe medication in order to help manage your pain.
Surgery: Surgery may be an option for you if your Polyarthralgia is caused by a disease such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis. There are numerous types of surgical procedures that can help correct damage caused by this condition. Your physician will determine what type of procedure is best for you.
In some cases, surgery may not be an option because it could make your condition worse or it may complicate an existing medical condition that you have.
It is very important that you discuss all of your treatment options with your physician so you can decide what method is best for you.
Sources & references used in this article:
Acute febrile ulcerative conglobate acne with polyarthralgia by AP Kelly, RE Burns – Archives of dermatology, 1971 – jamanetwork.com
Chikungunya virus infection in Aruba: Diagnosis, clinical features and predictors of post-chikungunya chronic polyarthralgia by R Huits, J De Kort, R Van Den Berg, L Chong… – PloS one, 2018 – journals.plos.org
Prolonged polyarthralgia in a German traveller with Mayaro virus infection without inflammatory correlates by C Theilacker, J Held, L Allering, P Emmerich… – BMC infectious …, 2013 – Springer
Acne fulminans with prolonged polyarthralgia. by PB Engber, CT Marino – International journal of dermatology, 1980 – europepmc.org