What Is Migratory Arthritis?
Migratory arthritic syndrome (MA) is a group of symptoms caused by inflammation of joints in the body. These include:
Joint swelling or stiffness
Pain at rest or when moving the affected limb(s)
Swelling of other parts of your body such as your face, arms, legs, back and neck. Joint pain may occur with these symptoms. MA affects both adults and children.
It is thought that the condition occurs due to changes in the immune system. It is not known exactly what triggers it but there are several theories. One theory suggests that the inflammation of joints results from abnormal blood vessels in the joints causing them to become inflamed.
Another theory suggests that it could be caused by an infection, which then damages your own tissues and leads to inflammation of your joints. A third theory suggests that it might be caused by a combination of all three factors.
The symptoms usually begin gradually over time. They may appear suddenly, or they may develop slowly over time. Some people experience no symptoms at all, while others have persistent joint pain even after minor surgery.
You will probably notice that your joints hurt more when you move them than when you sleep. Other symptoms may include:
Joint pain with swelling that moves from one joint to another, or occurs in many joints at the same time
A red streak extending around a joint or across your back
Tingling and numbness in your hands and feet
Feeling very tired for no reason, or feeling weak all the time
Weight loss or loss of appetite for no reason, even if you usually have a good appetite.
Who Gets MA?
MA is usually diagnosed in middle-aged people and elderly people. Children and young adults can also be diagnosed with MA.
Anyone of any age can be diagnosed with MA, but it’s more common in:
People over the age of 50
Women (it affects females more than males)
People who have a history of being sick a lot, such as having multiple colds or the flu.
People with a history of allergic reactions
People who have recently had an organ transplant.
People who take medications that suppress the immune system such as after an organ transplant, or for the treatment of cancer
People who have had a recent injury or surgery and those with joint replacements
People who have been diagnosed with other diseases that cause inflammation in your body (such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus).
What Are The Treatment Options For MA?
The cause of MA is usually not known and, as a result, there is currently no known cure. However, most people with MA can lead full and productive lives by taking steps to control their symptoms.
Steps you can take to manage your MA symptoms include:
Try using a heating pad, ice or a warm compress on the painful areas for temporary relief of joint pain and swelling.