What Is Mesotherapy?
Mesotherapy is a type of therapy where the patient’s own blood or other fluids are used to treat their scalp condition. There are several types of mesotherapy. Some treatments use only saline solution while others use antiseptic solutions like chlorhexidine. A few treatments involve the use of various chemicals such as salicylic acid, iodine, zinc oxide and even vitamins C and E.
The main purpose of mesotherapy is to reduce inflammation and scarring caused by the scalp condition. The treatment may also prevent further damage from occurring due to scarring. The treatment may also improve the appearance of the affected area.
How Does Mesotherapy Work?
A number of factors play a role in how well mesotherapy works. These include:
The type of fluid used (blood, plasma, platelets)
The temperature of the fluid (cold to warm)
Whether it is mixed with other substances (alcoholic to non-alcoholic) or not (non-alkaline to alkaline)
When the treatment is given and how often it is given (daily, weekly or monthly).
Mesotherapy vs. Dermarolling
Mesotherapy and dermarolling are two different treatments. Dermarolling is a cosmetic procedure that involves the use of a medical grade device that has dozens of tiny needles on its surface. The needles are rolled over the skin in order to encourage it to produce new collagen and elastin. This treatment is painless and requires no medication.
Mesotherapy involves the use of injections, either with a needle or with a small blade. These injections contain medications that are designed to promote skin regeneration. The patient may feel a stinging sensation when the medication is injected. The treatment should be given in a medical setting by a trained professional.
Mesotherapy is often used in combination with dermarolling. This is because mesotherapy injections can thicken the skin, strengthen it and reduce wrinkles and scars. It can also encourage hair growth in patients.
What Is Mesotherapy Used to Treat?
Mesotherapy is used to treat several different scalp and facial conditions, including:
Androgenic alopecia (male or female pattern baldness)
Acne scars and/or discoloration
Dark circles under the eyes caused by broken blood vessels
Stretch marks on the face and other parts of the body (especially the thighs)
Fine lines around the eyes
Wrinkles around the eyes and mouth
Mesotherapy has also been used to reduce the signs of aging in the face and neck. These signs include age spots, wrinkles and sagging skin.
Mesotherapy Side Effects
Like any medical treatment, mesotherapy can cause side effects. Most of the time, these side effects are minor and temporary. The most common side effect is mild irritation at the injection site. The skin may become red, swollen and itchy for a few days after the treatment.
If you develop a severe allergic reaction or an infection at the injection site, call your doctor immediately.
Even with proper medical supervision, there is always a risk of developing an infection when using needles. The risk is even higher if the needles are used on more than one person or are not properly sterilized in between uses. To avoid the risk of infection, only get mesotherapy injections from a medical professional.
Sources & references used in this article:
Mesotherapy: what is it? Does it work? by RJ Rohrich – 2005 – journals.lww.com
Mesotherapy and phosphatidylcholine injections: historical clarification and review by AM Rotunda, MS Kolodney – Dermatologic surgery, 2006 – Wiley Online Library
Mesotherapy by M Vedamurthy – Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and …, 2007 – go.gale.com
Mesotherapy for body contouring by A Matarasso, TM Pfeifer… – Plastic and …, 2005 – journals.lww.com
Mesotherapy: What is new? by D Konda, DM Thappa – Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology …, 2013 – ijdvl.com
Mesotherapy for facial skin rejuvenation: a clinical, histologic, and electron microscopic evaluation by SP Amin, RG Phelps, DJ Goldberg – Dermatologic surgery, 2006 – Wiley Online Library
Mesotherapy–The french connection by G Sivagnanam – Journal of pharmacology & pharmacotherapeutics, 2010 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov