What Is Liposarcoma?
Liposarcoma (also known as lipo-sarcoma) is a type of cancer which occurs when abnormal cells grow into other healthy tissue such as bone marrow, lymph nodes, blood vessels or organs. The tumor usually grows slowly over time until it becomes too large to treat with surgery or radiation therapy. There are two types of lipomas: malignant and nonmalignant. Malignant liposarcoma is cancerous tumors that have spread from their original location. Nonmalignant liposarcoma is benign growths that do not cause any symptoms.
Malignant Liposarcoma Treatment Options
There are several treatments available for malignant liposarcoma. These include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and immunotherapies. Chemotherapy drugs used to kill the cancer cells while leaving healthy cells unharmed. Radiation therapy uses high energy particles to destroy the cancer cells.
Surgery may be needed if the tumor is large enough to remove whole body parts. Immunotherapy is a form of treatment where immune system cells are given to fight off cancerous cells.
Below you will find some pictures of liposarcomas and how they look like. They show different stages of liposarcoma progression and treatment options available for them.
Myxoid Liposarcoma Treatment
Treatment of myxoid liposarcoma involves surgery followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The type and duration of these treatments depend on the size and location of the tumor as well as the overall health condition of the patient. There is no standard treatment protocol for this disease hence doctors usually follow “best practice” guidelines.
Lipoma VS Liposarcoma
A lipoma is a benign tumor that is made up of fat cells. It feels like soft, moveable palpable mass under the skin. It is usually asymptomatic and grows slowly over a period of time. They do not spread to other parts of the body but may grow large enough to cause issues if situated in an area which is constantly stressed.
They are most commonly found in people aged 40-70 years old. There is a small chance that a lipoma can turn into a liposarcoma if it shows the following symptoms: change in size, hardening or nodularity.
Several liposarcoma treatment options are available for patients with this disease. These include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy among others.
Sources & references used in this article:
The prognostic impact of dedifferentiation in retroperitoneal liposarcoma: a series of surgically treated patients at a single institution by C Mussi, P Collini, R Miceli, M Barisella… – … Journal of the …, 2008 – Wiley Online Library
Liposarcoma in adult limbs treated by limb-sparing surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy by J Issakov, V Soyfer, Y Kollender… – The Journal of …, 2006 – online.boneandjoint.org.uk
Long-term survival in a surgically treated non-encapsulated mediastinal primary liposarcoma. Diagnostic utility of core-needle biopsy for mediastinal tumors. by R Alvarez-Sala, J Casadevall, P Caballero… – The Journal of …, 1995 – europepmc.org