What causes white spots on throat?
White Spot on Throat: A viral infection which affects the tissues around your windpipe. It is caused by a virus called coronaviruses. These viruses are found in respiratory infections such as colds or flu. The symptoms include coughing, runny nose, sore throat and sometimes fever. The virus spreads through contact with infected droplets from coughs or sneezes of someone who has it.
The virus spreads when someone breathes or talks in the same room as someone who has the virus. When you breathe in, droplets containing the virus enter your lungs and then travel up into your airways where they infect other parts of your body.
The virus can spread from person to person within close quarters like hospitals, schools and daycare centres.
How does it affect me?
If you have white spots on throat, you may experience:
Coughing, wheeze and runny nose. You will feel tired and weak.
If you cough or sneeze too much, the virus can get trapped in your lungs causing pneumonia (infection of the lungs). This condition is known as bronchiolitis obliterans. Symptoms usually appear within 10 days after exposure to the virus but can occur months later if not treated immediately.
It is important not to expose babies or very young children to anyone with the virus. They are more likely than older children or adults to develop severe breathing problems when infected.
What should I do?
You should see your doctor if you have been infected by the virus or have symptoms of white spots on throat infection.
Your doctor may start treatment right away if wheeze, shortness of breath and other symptoms are apparent. Your doctor may advise you to rest at home and avoid contact with other people.
Your doctor may also advise you to take medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain.
Your doctor may call the public health department if he believes an outbreak of white spots on throat infection is occurring in your community. Outbreaks can be avoided by taking extra care with handwashing and avoiding close contact with others until your symptoms have gone away.
How is it treated?
Treatment options for white spots on throat infection:
Most cases of white spots on throat infection are mild and will clear up in a few days or weeks without treatment. However, you should see your doctor if:
You are an adult with a new onset of wheeze, shortness of breath and other symptoms of white spots on throat infection.
You are a child who is under three years old and has new onset wheeze, shortness of breath and other symptoms of white spots on throat infection.
Antibiotics can be used to treat white spots on throat infection in babies, children and adults. In babies and children, antibiotics can also help avoid the development of a serious respiratory disease caused white spots on throat infection.
If you are an adult, your doctor may prescribe a five-day course of the antibiotic levofloxacin. If you are a child under three years old, your doctor may prescribe a 10-day course of the antibiotics amoxicillin or clarithromycin.
Talk to your doctor about whether you need to start taking antibiotics and if so, which one. Antibiotics do not work for everyone and can cause negative side effects in some people.
If you have white spots on throat infection, it is important to finish your course of antibiotics even if you start feeling better. If you do not, the infection could come back causing longer and more severe illnesses.
Herbal therapies such as Echinacea, Garlic, Olive leaf extract, Goldenseal, Asian Ginseng and Zinc have not been shown to be effective in treating white spots on throat infection.
When should I call my doctor?
White spots on throat infection in people with a weak immune system or people who are extremely old or young can result in a serious upper respiratory infection or pneumonia. You should call your doctor if you develop shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, rapid breathing, bluish lips or changes to your oxygen levels such as short periods of time with normal levels, periods of time with low levels and periods without any oxygen.
What should I do to prevent white spots on throat infection?
The illness is spread through droplets from coughs or sneezes of someone who has the virus. The illness is more severe in people with a weak immune system, older people and young children.
You should avoid close contact such as hugging, kissing and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who have a runny nose or cough. You should also clean commonly touched surfaces such as door knobs, hand rails and phones.
Wash your hands with soap and water often, especially after touching door knobs,hand rails, phones or anything else that many be touched frequently. You should also disinfect commonly touched surfaces such as door knobs, hand rails and phones.
You should get a flu shot every year to protect yourself from the flu.
It takes about 2 weeks for the vaccine to fully protect you from the virus.
The first time the white spots on throat virus was seen was in 1868. The virus is spread through droplets from coughs or sneezes of infected people.
It can also be spread through touching contaminated surfaces and then your eyes, nose or mouth.
It can cause cold or flu like symptoms such as a sore throat, cough, runny nose, headache, muscle aches and fever which usually last about a week.
The white spots on throat virus can cause a more severe illness in people with a weak immune system, older people and young children.
In some rare cases it can cause pneumonia and death.
There is no cure for the infection but most people get better within a few days to a week without treatment.
It is recommended to rest, drink plenty of fluids and use over the counter medication such as acetaminophen for fever or pain. In severe cases antiviral medication may be prescribed.
The virus cannot be transmitted from person to person and it is not contagious. It can however, still be in the air for up to 2 hours after an infected person has left the area
You need to see a doctor if you have symptoms of a cold or the flu and:
1. You have a weakened immune system
2. You are over 65 years old
3. You are under 6 months old
4. You have other medical conditions
5. You have a chronic disease such as diabetes or asthma
6. You have a history of a lung disease such as asthma or COPD
7. You have a history of heart disease
8. You have a history of bleeding disorders
Some of the symptoms that require immediate medical attention are:
1. Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
2. Chest pain
3. Coughing up blood
4. Fever higher than 101 degrees
5. Pain or pressure in the chest area
6. Pain or pressure in the neck or jaw area
7. Sudden dizziness
8. Sudden sweating
9. Sudden paleness
10. Unexplained sudden confusion
In all cases of sudden illness, the sooner you seek treatment, the better the outcome will be and the lower the risk of complications.
In the case of the white spots on throat virus, most people will get better in a week without treatment.
The most common treatments are over the counter medications such as acetaminophen for fever or pain or an antihistamine for itching or swelling, or if symptoms are more severe prescription medication may be needed.
Most people who experience a mild to moderate illness can stay at home and rest. If you are experiencing more severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing, chest pain, or a fever over 101 degrees, you should seek emergency medical care.
If you have any further questions, please let me know. Otherwise, good luck and take care.
Sources & references used in this article:
Presenting the problem in pediatric encounters:” Symptoms only” versus” candidate diagnosis” presentations by T Stivers – Health Communication, 2002 – Taylor & Francis
Signs and Symptoms of Common Nose, Throat, and Ear Conditions, Including Defective Hearing by R Sonnenschein – The Elementary School Journal, 1928 – journals.uchicago.edu
‘Symptoms only’and’Candidate diagnoses’: Presenting the problem in pediatric encounters by T Stivers – Health Communication, 2002 – pure.mpg.de
Capsicum by O Mongkolporn, PWJ Taylor – Wild Crop relatives: Genomic and breeding …, 2011 – Springer
Visiting for cough, sore throat or earache: who gets antibiotics and who is satisfied? by HJ van Duijn, MM Kuyvenhoven… – Role of patients’ and …, 2006 – dspace.library.uu.nl