What causes testicle pain?
Testicles are made up of two main parts: the male part (testes) and female part (ovaries). These organs produce testosterone which is responsible for making males grow taller than females. However, when there is too much or not enough testosterone, it leads to various symptoms such as enlargement of one’s body or shrinking of your body. For example, if you have low levels of testosterone, you may develop enlarged chest and legs. If you have high levels of testosterone, you may develop shrunken chest and legs.
Symptoms of low testosterone include:
Weight gain (especially around the abdomen)
Hair loss or thinning hair on your face and body (gynoestrogen)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) – inability to get an erection due to lack of energy or other reasons. ED can occur even with normal amounts of testosterone. Some men experience erections without any physical cause.
Decreased libido (sexual desire)
Fatigue and weakness. Low testosterone can lead to fatigue and weakness. You may feel tired all the time, especially during the day. Your muscles may become weak and you might lose weight easily.
A decrease in bone density can also result from low testosterone levels. This is known as hypogonadism (low levels of testosterone).
Weakened immune system. Men with low testosterone have a higher risk of getting an infection.
Mood swings and lack of concentration. Some men who are diagnosed with low testosterone may develop depression or mental fogginess.
Lower fertility. Men with low testosterone may have a hard time getting a woman pregnant.
Symptoms of high testosterone include:
Enlarged clitoris in women (pseudohermaphroditism)
Facial and body hair growth (seen in women too)
Fertility problems in men and women. Men may have low fertility or reduced sexual desire and women may experience irregular or missed periods, infertility, and even missed pregnancies.
Aggression and anger
Facial hair growth
Stretch marks on the skin
Deepened voice and facial hair growth
Men with too much testosterone may have fertility problems and sexual dysfunction. Women with too much testosterone may experience infertility, irregular or skipped periods, and excessive body and facial hair (hirsutism).
Testosterone replacement is only recommended to men whose testosterone levels are low. If your testosterone levels are too high, doctors will not usually recommend testosterone replacement. Sometimes, men notice a loss of interest in sexual activity when they start testosterone replacement. This problem can usually be fixed by adjusting how much testosterone you take or by switching to a different hormone treatment.
Is it possible to treat low testosterone naturally?
Recent studies show that weight lifting can increase your testosterone levels and help you gain muscle mass, while also giving you increased energy. In order to get the most out of weight training, you must eat a nutritious diet full of proteins and perform the right exercises in the correct repetition range.
To effectively build muscles, engage in weight training and do not perform more than 12 repetitions per set.
How do I know if my testosterone levels are low?
Testosterone levels can be measured by a simple blood test.
High or low testosterone?
High testosterone is more common than low testosterone, but either condition can have adverse effects on your health and well-being. You should seek medical help if you believe you may have low testosterone. Your doctor will perform a physical examination and may recommend further testing if they suspect you have low testosterone.
How is low testosterone treated?
If your doctor finds that you do, in fact, have low testosterone, they may prescribe hormone replacement therapy. This is a safe and effective treatment for most men. In some cases, men with low testosterone may be prescribed other drugs to help increase their body’s production of testosterone. In rare cases, men with low testosterone may also benefit from testosterone replacement therapy.
How do I get hormone replacement therapy?
Hormone replacement therapy can only be prescribed by a medical professional and is not available over the counter. You will need to see your family doctor or a specialist such as a endocrinologist, ophthalmologist, or even a general surgeon, depending on your individual needs. Your doctor will review your medical history and perform a physical examination to determine if you would benefit from hormone replacement therapy.
Where can I find more information?
The following organizations provide reliable information on topics relating to men’s health:
Testosterone replacement therapy can help you feel less tired and improve your quality of life. If you think you may be suffering from low testosterone, make an appointment with your doctor. They will be able to examine you and provide you with a diagnosis.
Always consult your doctor for medical advice and treatment.
Sources & references used in this article:
What can we do for chronic scrotal content pain? by WP Tan, LA Levine – The world journal of men’s health, 2017 – synapse.koreamed.org
EAU guidelines on chronic pelvic pain by M Fall, AP Baranowski, S Elneil, D Engeler, J Hughes… – European urology, 2010 – Elsevier
Clinical management of chronic testicular pain by P Kumar, V Mehta, VH Nargund – Urologia Internationalis, 2010 – karger.com
College men’s knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about testicular cancer by CM Daley – American Journal of Men’s Health, 2007 – journals.sagepub.com
Cancer symptom management by CH Yarbro, MH Frogge, M Goodman – 2004 – books.google.com