Sunken Eyes: What Causes them?
The term “sunken” eyes refers to any eye condition that causes the eyeball to appear lower than normal. These conditions include: glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration (AMD), retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and others. There are many different types of these diseases and they all affect one or more parts of your vision.
Glaucoma is the most common type of eye disease affecting approximately 20 million Americans. Glaucoma occurs when fluid builds up inside the optic nerve causing pressure on the nerves and eventually damage to their delicate cells.
When this happens, light entering your eye becomes blurry and less sharp.
Macular degeneration (AMD) affects roughly 3 million Americans, mostly women between ages 50 and 70 years old. AMD is caused by abnormal changes in the cells that produce the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from your heart to your brain.
Over time, these abnormalities lead to loss of sight in some or all of your eyes.
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is a rare genetic disorder that results in progressive deterioration of vision over several decades. The main cause of this condition is the slow loss of photoreceptor cells in the retina.
The following are some of the Symptoms of Sunken Eyes :
You have blurry vision.
Light hurts your eyes when you look directly at it.
Flashing lights are noticeable when you engage in any activity that involves rapid eye movement.
Your eye appears to be more pink than red.
More Information About Sunken Eyes :
You need to seek medical help immediately if you notice any of the following conditions.
Any pain or pressure inside your head.
Difficulty walking in a straight line.
Unexpected weight loss or gain without trying.
Nausea and vomiting that lasts more than 24 hours.
Severe or worsening headaches.
New patches of hair loss.
Any change in vision.
A change in the way your eyes, nose or mouth swell.
Unsteadiness when walking.
Dizziness or loss of balance.
Muscle twitches that do not stop within a few seconds.
Any new or unexpected changes in your ability to urinate or have bowel movements.
How are Sunken Eyes : Can they be treated?
Cataracts can be treated through surgery.
Sources & references used in this article:
Latanoprost therapy after sunken eyes caused by travoprost or bimatoprost by S Nakakura, H Tabuchi, Y Kiuchi – Optometry and Vision Science, 2011 – journals.lww.com
Sunken eyes, sagging brain syndrome: bilateral enophthalmos from chronic intracranial hypotension by TN Hwang, S Rofagha, MW McDermott, WF Hoyt… – Ophthalmology, 2011 – Elsevier
Histopathological changes caused by Enteromyxum leei infection in farmed sea bream Sparus aurata by R Fleurance, C Sauvegrain, A Marques… – Diseases of aquatic …, 2008 – int-res.com
Changes in Sunken Eyes Combined with Blepharoptosis after Levator Resection by Y Mawatari, M Fukushima, T Kawaji – Plastic and Reconstructive …, 2017 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Clinical signs of dehydration in children by A Mackenzie, G Barnes, F Shann – The Lancet, 1989 – Elsevier