What causes nose acne?
Nose acne occurs when bacteria or yeast overgrow the follicles (the tiny hair follicles) on your nose. The skin around the nostrils becomes inflamed due to irritation from dirt, dust, smoke, pollution etc.
The most common cause of nose acne is cigarette smoking. Smoking creates a chemical called tar which irritates the lining of your nasal passages causing inflammation and redness.
Smoking also causes other problems like cancer, emphysema, lung disease and heart disease. If you are a smoker then it is best to quit immediately. You may have noticed that if you smoke regularly then your nose gets infected with bacteria and yeast.
Another cause of nose acne is using harsh soaps and shampoos which contain harmful chemicals such as alcohol, chlorine bleach or ammonia. These chemicals strip away the natural oils from your face making them dry out and flaky.
Other causes include allergies, sinus infections, stress, bad diet and drinking too much water.
How do I treat nose acne?
There are many ways to remove nose acne including:
1. Use a product containing salicylic acid – Salicylic Acid is one of the most effective products for removing nose acne.
It can be found in most over-the-counter face washes and masks which are specially designed for removing blackheads, unclogging pores and killing off bacteria.
2. Use Tea Tree Oil – Tea tree oil is a natural oil which is extracted from the Melaleuca Alternifolia plant.
It works by fighting off bacteria, removing dead skin cells and balancing the oil production in your pores. This helps to remove nose acne naturally.
3. Use an OTC benzoyl peroxide wash – Benzoyl peroxide is a very powerful ingredient which kills off the bacteria and eliminates inflammation.
Using a product containing 2.5% or 5% benzol peroxide will quickly remove nose acne.
4. Use an OTC salicylic acid wash – Salicylic acid works in a similar way to benzoyl peroxide.
It opens up clogged pores, fights bacteria and helps to remove dead skin cells.
5. Use an OTC retinoid cream – Retinoids are chemically related to vitamin A.
They naturally occur in the body and to a small degree in certain foods like milk, cheese and eggs. Retinoids stimulate new cell growth and speed up the shedding of dead skin cells. They also help to unclog pores and eliminate blackheads.
6. Use an OTC azelaic acid wash – Azelaic acid is a natural substance which occurs in whole-grain cereals, wheat, barley and rye.
It helps to kill off acne causing bacteria, prevent the formation of comedones and reduce excess oil. Furthermore it also prevents the formation of new blood vessels in the skin which can discolor the skin.
7. Use a skin lightening cream containing kojic acid or licorice extract – Both of these ingredients are natural compounds which prevent the formation of new blood vessels in the skin.
They are often combined with other skin lightening ingredients like Vitamin C, Vitamin E and glycolic acid to improve their effectiveness.
8. Use an OTC topical antibiotic – Antibiotics have been used for many years to treat acne by fighting off the bacteria which cause it.
They are most effective when used in the early stages of severe acne. The most commonly prescribed topical antibiotics are Erythromycin and Clindamycin.
9. See your doctor about taking prescription strength acne medication – If the above home remedies don’t work then you should see your doctor about taking prescription strength medication like Isotretinoin (common brand name Accutane).
This is a very strong drug which comes with a long list of serious side effects.
10. Consider laser treatment – Laser treatment is expensive and is not guaranteed to work but it can help reduce the appearance of enlarged pores. There are two types of laser which can be used, carbon dioxide and erbium lasers.
Sources & references used in this article:
The use of food to treat and prevent disease in Chinese culture by LC Koo – Social Science & Medicine, 1984 – Elsevier
The broken mirror: Understanding and treating body dysmorphic disorder by KA Phillips – 2005 – books.google.com
Acne vulgaris by HC Williams, RP Dellavalle, S Garner – The Lancet, 2012 – Elsevier
… Guide to Skin Care: From Acne to Wrinkles, What to Do (And Not Do) to Stay Healthy and Look Your Best: From Acne to Wrinkles, What to Do (And Not Do) to … by RB Campen – 2009 – books.google.com