What causes dizziness in pregnancy?
Dizziness in pregnancy is caused by high blood pressure, which may occur due to pre-eclampsia or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), both conditions are associated with increased risk of developing preeclampsia. Both conditions have been linked to other complications such as low birth weight babies, stillbirths, and even death.
Pre-eclampsia is a condition that occurs when the placenta does not produce enough oxytocin. Oxytocin helps maintain the uterine contractions necessary for delivery. Without sufficient levels of this hormone, the uterus becomes too soft and vulnerable to rupture during labor. A woman’s body will try its best to prevent rupture but if it cannot do so, then she could experience a miscarriage or stillbirth.
GDM is a disorder that affects the production of certain hormones, including prolactin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)1. These hormones are responsible for stimulating bone growth in children. When these hormones are not produced properly, they can cause problems in the brain and nervous system. If left untreated, GDM can lead to mental retardation, seizures, blindness and other health issues.
What causes dizziness in early pregnancy?
There are a range of reasons that can cause dizziness in early pregnancy. Some women experience dizziness when there is an imbalance in the levels of hormones and other chemicals in their system. Other women also experience dizziness as a result of hormonal fluctuations, which can be caused by other issues such as sleep deprivation, stress, and spicy food.
If you’re experiencing dizziness in early pregnancy, make sure you take it easy. Try to rest as much as you can, and get plenty of fluids. If the dizziness is caused by hormonal changes, making adjustments to your diet can also help provide some relief.
Dizziness in early pregnancy can be a sign of dehydration. It is important to stay hydrated during pregnancy because when you’re dehydrated, your body has a harder time carrying out its normal functions. Dehydration can be dangerous for both you and your baby. If you’re experiencing dizziness in early pregnancy, drink a cup of water and see if it helps.
Other causes of dizziness in early pregnancy are less dangerous to you and your baby, but they can still interfere with your quality of life. For instance, some women experience dizziness as a result of low blood sugar levels. It might help to eat frequent small meals that are high in fiber and nutrients.
Sources & references used in this article:
Traditional treatment of pregnancy anaemia in Nigeria: an indication for modern therapeutics by I Elegbe, EO Ojofeitimi, IA Elegbe – Tropical doctor, 1984 – journals.sagepub.com
Incidence of arrhythmias in normal pregnancy and relation to palpitations, dizziness, and syncope by A Shotan, E Ostrzega, A Mehra, JV Johnson… – The American journal of …, 1997 – Elsevier
Hearing and vestibular complaints during pregnancy by PM da Silva Schmidt, F da Trindade Flores… – Brazilian journal of …, 2010 – Elsevier
Availability and use of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) in pregnancy in Blantyre district: A Safe Motherhood and BIMI Joint Survey by H Ashwood-Smith, Y Coombes, N Kaimila… – Malawi Medical …, 2002 – ajol.info
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome during pregnancy by R Koide, M Sakamoto, K Tanaka… – Journal of Neuro …, 2004 – journals.lww.com