What Causes Concurring Diarrhea and Vomiting, and How to Treat It

What causes concurrent diarrhea and vomiting?

The cause of concurrent diarrhea and vomiting is not known. There are many theories, but none have been proven yet. However, there are some facts which can help us understand the problem better:

1) When you vomit, your stomach contents go into the small intestine (colon).

Your body normally cleans out these contents with other digestive juices from your colon (large intestine), so they don’t come back to bother you again. But sometimes when you vomit, your body doesn’t do that.

2) If you have a virus or bacteria in your bowel, then it may stay in the intestines longer than usual.

You might get sicker over time because of it.

3) Sometimes you can catch food poisoning from eating something contaminated with feces.

So if you eat something that was recently eaten by someone else, chances are good that it contains fecal matter.

4) Sometimes when you vomit, your bowels move around inside your body.

That’s why you feel like you need to pee after vomiting. It is called “vomit syncope.”

5) Some medications can make diarrhea worse.

For example, certain antibiotics can kill off beneficial bacteria in the intestines, making them less effective at cleaning out the stool. Other drugs can affect how well your kidneys clean out the waste products of digestion.

6) Sometimes there is no specific cause.

That’s why it is called a “functional” problem.

When do you get diarrhea and vomiting?

The most common time for people to get diarrhea and vomiting is at the same time, and that usually occurs with the flu or another viral infection. However, sometimes diarrhea and vomiting come separately. For example:

1) The stomach flu (gastroenteritis) causes diarrhea and vomiting.

It is caused by a virus and is very common in children. It is rarely serious, but it can cause severe losses of fluids and minerals from the body if it goes on for more than a day or so.

2) Traveler’s diarrhea is also caused by a virus and causes diarrhea, but no vomiting.

It usually only lasts a few days and usually goes away after you return home from your trip.

3) Food poisoning causes diarrhea and sometimes vomiting without causing a fever.

It is caused by eating contaminated food. It usually goes away within a few days, but some people can get very sick from it and need medical attention.

4) Infectious diarrhea is caused by infection with a certain germ (bacterium).

This type of diarrhea can last for months and even years in some cases. This type is also known as clostridium difficile or c-diff.

5) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition in which a person has abdominal pain, cramping, gas, and diarrhea or constipation.

It is sometimes called spastic colon. It affects the large intestine or colon. The causes are not known, but it may be related to anxiety or stress.

6) Celiac disease is an hereditary disease in which gluten (a protein found in wheat) makes the intestine become very inflamed (irritated).

This can cause diarrhea, but sometimes there is no diarrhea.

7) Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an uncommon condition in which the small or large intestine becomes very inflamed and causes a lot of diarrhea.

This includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.

8) Chrons disease is a long-term (chronic) condition in which the intestines do not move digested food through the system quickly enough.

This can cause a lot of diarrhea and abdominal pain.

All these conditions, except for ulcerative colitis and Chrons disease, are sometimes called “bowel problems.”

Infectious diarrhea is caused by a germ (bacterium) called C. difficile or c-diff. This is an infection that happens after you have been taking antibiotics.

These antibiotics affect normal bowel bacteria, which allows c-diff to grow unchecked in your body.

C. difficile produces a poison in the intestines that causes diarrhea and can cause serious complications. This condition is more common in older people who take antibiotics, but children can get it too.

Antibiotics can also cause diarrhea by killing off other normal bacteria in the intestines. These people need to be hospitalized and given special fluids because they are losing so much fluid from their diarrhea.

What makes diarrhea worse?

There are several things that can make diarrhea worse. These include:

1) Poor eating habits.

Some people with diarrhea lose their appetite and stop eating enough food. This can cause the person to become dehydrated (lose too much body fluid) and can also cause weight loss. This can lead to a condition called malnutrition in which the body does not get all the nutrients it needs to be healthy.

2) Not drinking enough fluids.

Thirst is sometimes not a good indicator of how much fluid a person needs. The best way to make sure you are drinking enough fluids is to measure. The average person needs to drink at least six to eight glasses of water or other liquids every day.

One glass of water is equal to 8 ounces or one third of a cup.

3) Medicines that cause diarrhea.

There are several medicines that can cause diarrhea or make it worse, including some antibiotics and medicines used to treat yeast infections. Ibuprofen (such as Advil or Motrin) is a medicine that can also cause diarrhea in some people.

4) Washing down pills with liquids.

It is best to take pills such as antibiotics, Pepto-Bismol, supplements, or any other pill by themselves on an empty stomach (at least one hour after eating). These pills need a empty stomach to help them be more effective. Taking these pills with liquids or food can cause them to not work as well.

How is diarrhea diagnosed?

Your health care provider can usually diagnose the type of diarrhea by asking questions about your symptoms and doing a physical examination. He or she may also ask about your health history and do some lab tests to rule out any other possible problems.

In some cases, further tests may be needed to diagnose the cause of your diarrhea. These tests may include blood and urine tests and stool studies that check for infection or malabsorption. A biopsy, a procedure in which a small piece of bowel is removed for examination, may also be necessary.

What is the treatment for diarrhea?

There is no cure for diarrhea. The diarrhea usually goes away after the cause (such as an infection or antibiotic use) is over. The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms until the diarrhea stops and to prevent dehydration. Dehydration can be dangerous, especially in young children and the elderly. Your health care provider can advise you on how much and what to drink to prevent dehydration.

The treatment for diarrhea depends on the cause of your diarrhea. Some common treatments are:

1) Medicines such as Imodium or Lomotil to decrease diarrhea.

These medicine should not be given to children because they can cause life-threatening breathing problems.

2) Zinc supplements may prevent or shorten the duration of diarrhea caused by viruses (such as the common cold).

Your health care provider may recommend taking these supplements if your diarrhea persists for more than 2 days. Remember that it is important to drink plenty of fluids when taking these supplements.

3) Antibiotic medicines may be necessary to treat diarrhea caused by bacteria.

4) Antidiarrheal medicines such as loperamide (such as Imodium A-D) may be helpful in decreasing the number of stools and their fluid content, but do not decrease the duration of the diarrhea.

They can be taken when you have symptoms, but should not be taken on a regular schedule (for instance, every day).

5) Infrequent, loose stools may be helped by increasing the intake of fiber in your diet.

High-fiber foods include whole grain breads and cereals, fresh fruit (without skin), and raw vegetables. These foods should make up roughly 25% of your total daily caloric intake.

6) Severe or persistent diarrhea can be helped by taking antibiotics.

Is diarrhea serious?

Usually diarrhea goes away on its own after a few days and does not cause serious problems as long as you are drinking enough fluids to avoid becoming dehydrated.

Sometimes, the cause of the diarrhea may be more serious, such as an infection needing antibiotics or a problem with your bowel.

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