Vitamin D Deficiency Symptoms
Irritability, fatigue, muscle pain, joint pains are some of the symptoms that may occur due to low levels of vitamin D.
The following table lists some of the most common symptoms associated with vitamin D deficiency:
Irritability Fatigue Muscle Pain Joint Pain Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Constipation Weight Loss Hair loss Skin disorders (Pimples) Bone weakness Tumors Cancer Kidney failure Heart disease Alzheimer’s Disease Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Chronic fatigue syndrome Multiple sclerosis Depression Migraines Lupus Parkinson’s Disease ALS Autism ADHD Attention deficit disorder Anxiety OCD Personality change Autism Spectrum Disorder Schizophrenia Tourette’s Syndrome Autism Type I Autism Type II
Vitamin D Deficiency Causes
There are many reasons why one might have low levels of vitamin D. These include:
Being indoors too much. Being out all day long in the sun can cause your skin to burn easily and even result in burns if you don’t protect yourself properly.
You could also develop rashes from being exposed to sunlight all over your body or even getting burned by it. Being overweight. This can cause vitamin D to be trapped in your fat cells and not get properly absorbed by your body. Drinking too much alcohol. Alcohol interferes with the ability of the liver to convert vitamin D into its active form. Darker skinned individuals convert vitamin D into its active form less effectively than lighter skinned people. Lack of dietary sources of vitamin D such as fortified dairy or fish such as salmon, tuna and mackerel. In fact, there are very few foods that naturally contain vitamin D, so it’s important to take a multivitamin or a supplement that contains this essential vitamin if you don’t consume these foods on a regular basis. Certain prescription drugs such as antiepileptic and antituberculosis medications. Certain medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease or Crohn’s disease.
Vitamin D Deficiency Diagnosis
In order to check your vitamin D status, your doctor will perform a blood test. This will tell you whether you’re vitamin D deficient or not.
Normally speaking, if your levels are below 20 ng/ml, this is officially considered a deficiency.
Vitamin D Deficiency Treatment
Sun exposure is a good way to get vitamin D. Make sure to do it safely by applying sunscreen, protective clothing and avoiding peak sun hours.
Fortified foods and dietary supplements are also reliable sources of this essential nutrient. If you’re overweight, try to shed some pounds as this can prevent vitamin D from being absorbed into your body.
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble nutrient. As such, any excess will simply be stored in your body’s fat stores for future use.
As such, it’s very hard to actually overdose on this vitamin through sun exposure or food. However, if you have reason to believe that you’re getting too much as far as dietary supplements are concerned, it may be wise to consult with your doctor who can recommend proper dosage guidelines.
Vitamin D toxicity is known as vitamin D poisoning and is normally caused by too much sun exposure or through the use of supplements. The main symptom of this condition is calcium accumulation in the body, which can lead to kidney problems and weakened bones.
Other symptoms may also include headache, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and weight loss. If you experience these symptoms and believe that they may be associated with vitamin D overdose, seek medical attention immediately.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Vitamin D deficiency in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: does it exist? by Y Khayyat, S Attar – Oman medical journal, 2015 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Vitamin D deficiency in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: association with disease activity and quality of life by A Ulitsky, AN Ananthakrishnan, A Naik… – Journal of Parenteral …, 2011 – Wiley Online Library
Do sunlight and vitamin D reduce the likelihood of colon cancer? by CF Garland, FC Garland – International journal of epidemiology, 1980 – academic.oup.com
Vitamin D and inflammation by X Guillot, L Semerano, N Saidenberg-Kermanac’h… – Joint Bone Spine, 2010 – Elsevier
Vitamin D status in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease by HM Pappa, CM Gordon, TM Saslowsky, A Zholudev… – Pediatrics, 2006 – Am Acad Pediatrics
Vitamin D and autoimmunity: new aetiological and therapeutic considerations by Y Arnson, H Amital, Y Shoenfeld – Annals of the rheumatic diseases, 2007 – ard.bmj.com