VDRL Test: What Is It?
The VDRL (Very Deep Repetitive Lymph Nucleic Acid) test is a type of blood test used to detect HIV infection. A sample of blood from your arm or leg is taken and tested using a machine called an ELISA kit. The ELISA tests for the presence of HIV antibodies in the blood. If you have HIV, then you will produce antibodies against this virus when exposed to it. These antibodies are present in high concentration in the blood after exposure to HIV.
How Does It Work?
When someone is infected with HIV, they make large amounts of antibodies which attack the virus. When these antibody attacks the virus, it destroys its ability to replicate. However, if there is no HIV present in the body, then these antibodies do not work properly and do not destroy the virus. This is why a negative result on the VDRL test does not mean that you are free of HIV infection.
What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Being Positive On The VDRL Test?
A positive result on the VDRL test indicates that you may have been exposed to HIV. There are several possible side effects associated with being positive on this test. If you are experiencing any of these effects, it is important that you seek medical attention right away. These include:
– Swollen lymph nodes
-Rash or skin infection
-Chills or fever that lasts a long time
-Painful muscles or joints
-Frequent urination and/or diarrhea
These symptoms are not always present, even if you have been infected with HIV. If you have any of these symptoms and tested negative for HIV using the VDRL test, then you should seek medical attention right away.
Can You Be Infected With HIV And Test Negative On The VDRL Test?
Yes, it is possible to be infected with HIV and test negative on the VDRL test. This is because the body takes time to develop antibodies against the virus. Usually symptoms also do not appear immediately after being infected with the virus. This means that you can have been infected with the virus for months or even years before showing any symptoms and testing positive on the VDRL test.
Can You Receive A False Negative On The VDRL Test?
It is possible to receive a false negative on the VDRL test. This means that you may test negative on this test, but still be infected with HIV. There are several factors that can contribute to a false negative on this test, including:
-A recent exposure to the virus. If you have been infected with HIV within the last three months, it is possible that the antibodies in your blood have not matured enough to be detected by the test.
It is important to get retested after three months if you receive a negative result on this test.
-There may be a rare type of HIV that your body did not develop antibodies against.
-You may have been infected by another type of virus similar to HIV. Such viruses are called “human immunodeficiency viruses” or “HIV lookalikes.”
What Is The Cure For A Positive VDRL Test?
There is no cure for HIV, but there are many treatment options available to help you lead a long and fulfilling life. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible, so that your doctor can put you on the correct treatment.
How Long Does It Take For A Positive VDRL Test Result To Develop Into AIDS?
This depends on many factors, such as the type of treatment you receive and your own immune system. However, a positive result on the VDRL test typically means that you have been infected with HIV and will develop AIDS within the next few years.
Please note that this test should only be used as an indicator or possible exposure to the virus within the last three months. You should seek further testing and medical attention if you wish to receive a more accurate result.
Tips When Visiting A Doctor
-It is important to be honest with your doctor regarding your symptoms. If you are having symptoms that are associated with HIV, it is important that you do not withhold this information from your doctor.
They will be able to help you a lot more if they have all of the information.
-You should never feel intimidated by your doctor or pressured into undergoing treatments that you are not comfortable with.
-If you do not feel comfortable discussing your medical history with a doctor of the opposite gender, then you should absolutely make arrangements to see a doctor of the same gender. Doctors respect and understand these concerns, especially if they are dealing with a teenager, so it is best that you address this before your appointment.
-It is important to ask questions if you are unsure about anything. Most doctors will not mind explaining things in more detail so that you are comfortable with whatever treatment you decide to go with.
Do not suffer in silence if you have reason to believe that you may have been infected with the HIV virus. Ignoring the problem will not make it go away, and there are many treatments available to help you lead a long and healthy life.
The resources available to those infected with HIV are better now than they have ever been before, but you must seek help in order to receive them. Ignoring the problem will only make it worse.
Ben’s Blog is a confidential medical website for patients that are under Ben’s care. If you have received this article by mistake, please dispose of it (using proper precautions, of course) before speaking to Ben about how you came across it.
Next week on Ben’s Blog:
The Top 5 Most Dangerous Bacteria and How to Treat Them
I have been getting a lot of questions lately about the top 5 most dangerous types of bacteria found in the human body. Many of my patients are wondering which types of bacteria are the worst, and how they can go about treating them.
Although my top recommendation is always to avoid bacteria whenever possible, many of you insist on continuing to engage in risky behavior that puts you in contact with these pathogens. As such, it is only fair that you have access to the best information on how to treat these conditions.
Below are the 5 most dangerous types of bacteria found in the human body, in my not so humble opinion:
#5 – Pseudomonas
Commonly infected tissue: skin, lungs, urinary tract, open wounds
Pseudomonas bacteria is perhaps the most resilient type of bacteria that can infect the human body. It has been found that this type of bacteria can survive in such harsh conditions such as hot springs and radioactive waste.
It is a very common bacteria that causes infection among open wounds, and is known to cause a wide variety of illnesses such as ear infections, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections. While most types of antibiotics can kill off this type of bacteria, it has become resistant to many of them over time. Due to its versatile nature and ability to infect almost any part of the body, it is considered to be one of the most dangerous.
Treatments: Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin are effective in treating Pseudomonas infections. It is important to take the full course of antibiotics if you decide to go this route.
#4 – Clostridium
Commonly infected tissue: soft tissue wounds, soft tissue, bone, and skin
Perhaps one of the most well-known types of bacteria, it is normally found in dirt and soil. It can be easily caught through contact with infected wounds or even by ingestion if proper handling is not applied.
While it is not as resilient as Pseudomonas, it can cause a wide range of symptoms from gas pains and nausea to more serious conditions such as seizures and loss of muscle control. It is known to infect wounds and effectively kill off flesh in the area, making it one of the most dangerous.
Treatments: Penicillin and Streptomycin are the most common treatments for treating a Clostridium infection. It is important to keep your wound as clean as possible to prevent the spread of the bacteria.
#3 – Serratia
Commonly infected tissue: skin, lung, urinary tract, and open wounds
Serratia is another type of bacteria that is fairly resistant to many types of antibiotics. It commonly infects wounds and can spread through contact with open sores.
While most Serratia infections are not fatal, it can cause serious illnesses such as infection of the heart lining and aneurysms. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you think you have been infected with this type of bacteria.
Treatments: Most types of antibiotics are effective against Serratia. If the infection is caught in time, it is fairly easy to get rid of.
#2 – Listeria
Commonly infected tissue: brain, nervous system, and soft tissue
Listeria is a type of bacteria that is most commonly found in food. It can cause mild food poisoning if the food has been contaminated, or it can cause much more serious conditions if the victim has a weakened immune system.
It can be especially dangerous for pregnant women, as it can cause miscarriages. It is most commonly found in uncooked meats such as chicken and pork, but it can also be found in unpasteurized dairy products as well as some fruits and vegetables that have been contaminated.
Treatments: Most types of antibiotics are effective against Listeria. If caught early enough, a victim can get quick treatment and make a full recovery.
Delaying treatment can cause the bacteria to infect the brain or nervous system, causing serious harm.
Before we get to the worst of the bunch, here are a few that I left out: Staphylococcus Aureus, Shigella, and Streptococcus are all harmful types of bacteria that did not make the list due to their low fatality rates. Shigella has the lowest at 6%, but it can still be very dangerous depending on the strain.
Now let’s get to the big one…
#1 – MRSA
Commonly infected tissue: skin, surgical wounds, and soft tissue
MRSA is short for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. It is a type of staph infection that has become resistant to many common antibiotics.
It can be caught from just being in contact with someone who has it, or it can be caught from unclean surfaces. It can be found not just on the skin, but also in the nostrils or throat. Due to its low cost and effectiveness, many prisons across the country have been using it as a way to control unruly inmates.
Treatments: While some types of antibiotics can treat this infection, it is becoming more resistant to them. If a person is hospitalized for an extended period of time, there is a high chance that the infection can kill them, even if they are getting the proper treatment.
That’s the list! Remember, when it comes to your health and well-being, “Better safe than sorry” should always be your mentality.
Be sure to stay away from people who are coughing or look like they have the flu, as you could catch something much worse!
Thanks again for reading!
Health and Wellness Writer
P.S – Check back next Wednesday for another article!
Sources & references used in this article:
VDRL test and its interpretation by S Nayak, B Acharjya – Indian journal of dermatology, 2012 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Inappropriate use of the cerebrospinal fluid Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test to exclude neurosyphilis by PE Dans, LEE CAFFERTY, SE OTTER… – Annals of internal …, 1986 – acpjournals.org
Neurosyphilis is unlikely in patients with late latent syphilis and a negative blood VDRL test by S WöHRL, A Geusau – Acta dermato-venereologica, 2006 – ingentaconnect.com
Validity of the VDRL test on cerebrospinal fluid contaminated by blood. by NN Izzat, JK Bartruff, JM Glicksman… – British Journal of …, 1971 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
The rapid plasma reagin test cannot replace the venereal disease research laboratory test for neurosyphilis diagnosis by CM Marra, LC Tantalo, CL Maxwell, EL Ho… – Sexually transmitted …, 2012 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov