Understanding Nasopharyngitis: Causes, Treatment, Prevention, and More

Viral Nasopharyngitis: Causes, Treatment, Prevention, and More

What Is Viral Nasopharyngitis?

The word “nasopharyngeal” means “the nose.” If you have ever had a cold or the flu, then you’ve probably experienced nasal congestion. This condition is called viral nasopharyngitis. It’s not contagious; it doesn’t come from someone else. You get it on your own when you cough, sneeze, or laugh.

When Does Viral Nasopharyngitis Occur?

It happens most often during the summer months because there is less air flow through the nose than there is during wintertime. When you’re outdoors and breathing in fresh air, you may experience a sudden increase in mucus production (coughing). This increases pressure inside your throat and lungs causing a runny nose. Sometimes, the runny nose is accompanied by a sore throat.

How Do I Know if My Nose Is Coughing Up Mucus?

If you feel like you’re having trouble breathing, then you might have a cough. A cough usually indicates that something is blocking your windpipe (windpipes) and coughing up mucus could mean that something has gone wrong with your respiratory system. When you have a cold, it’s not just your nose that’s congested. Your throat could also start to feel irritated or scratchy.

Who Is At Risk?

Children between the ages of two and eight are most likely to experience the symptoms of a cold. Anyone is at risk for the virus, but children have weaker immune systems than adults. Viral nasal congestion is more likely to affect them than someone who is older than nine.

What Are the Symptoms of This Condition?

Take note of any symptoms you experience:

Watery Eyes

Runny Nose

Itchy Nose or Throat


Coughing Up Mucus (Clear or Yellow)

Swollen Tonsils or Adenoids

Decreased Appetite and Need to Drink More Often than Usual.

Trouble Sleeping at Night.

Sources & references used in this article:

Understanding antibiotic overuse for respiratory tract infections in children by ME Pichichero – Pediatrics, 1999 – Am Acad Pediatrics

Atopic dermatitis: understanding the disease and its management by ML Levy – Current medical research and opinion, 2007 – Taylor & Francis

Short-term and long-term effects of PM2. 5 on acute nasopharyngitis in 10 communities of Guangdong, China by L Zhang, Y Yang, Y Li, ZM Qian, W Xiao, X Wang… – Science of the Total …, 2019 – Elsevier

Understanding the positive benefit: risk profile of alemtuzumab in relapsing multiple sclerosis: perspectives from the Alemtuzumab Clinical Development … by E Havrdova, JA Cohen, D Horakova… – … and clinical risk …, 2017 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov