Understanding Kyphoscoliosis

What is Kyphoscoliosis?

Kyphoscoliosis (also known as Scolioticus) is a disease caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. The bacteria cause inflammation of various parts of your body, including your spine, lungs, heart and kidneys. There are many different types of kyphoscoliosis; however, all cases involve the same underlying causes: infection with certain strains of S. aureus.

The most common type of kyphoscoliosis affects the spine. Symptoms include pain or stiffness in one or both legs, numbness in your feet and toes, difficulty walking, weakness and fatigue. Other symptoms may include fever, chills, muscle aches and headaches. Some people experience other problems such as shortness of breath or chest pains. In severe cases the condition can lead to paralysis (paraparesis).

Other symptoms of kyphoscoliosis include:

Painful spasms in your lower back or neck (scoliosis)

Weakness, fatigue and loss of energy (hypokalemia)

Difficulty swallowing food or drinking liquids (dyspepsia)

How is Kyphoscoliosis Diagnosed?

Kyphoscoliosis is diagnosed by reviewing your medical history and through a physical examination, including a review of skin lesions. In addition, tests such as an x-ray, blood test, urine analysis or spinal tap may be performed to rule out other possible causes for your symptoms.

How is Kyphoscoliosis Treated?

Treatment for kyphoscoliosis is highly dependent on the type and severity of the disease. For minor cases, rest and over-the-counter pain relievers may be sufficient. More serious cases may require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics and other medications to treat the infection. Surgery may also be required to drain pus, drain blood or remove infected discs.

Can Kyphoscoliosis be Prevented?

Preventing kyphoscoliosis is challenging due to the unpredictable nature of the disease. However, there are some things you can do to decrease your risk of infection with S. aureus.

Always wash your hands before preparing food or eating.

Keep cuts and scrapes clean and covered until healed. If you have stitches, don’t soak in a bathtub or hot tub.

Take precautions if you have a cast on your leg or some other body part that makes it difficult to move around in the water.

If you have a cast, don’t allow water to get underneath it. After bathing, towel dry the area before getting dressed or putting on the cast or bandage.

Kyphoscoliosis Images

Kyphoscoliosis Complications

Kyphoscoliosis complications are rare but they can occur if the condition is allowed to worsen without treatment. The most common is spinal cord injury due to the weight of the spine collapsing and damaging the spinal cord. In addition, those with kyphoscoliosis are more susceptible to certain types of cancer, including Burkitt’s lymphoma, hepatomas, osteosarcomas and gall bladder cancer.

Kyphoscoliosis Disability

If you suffer from kyphoscoliosis, you may have difficulty performing certain physical tasks, such as lifting heavy objects. In addition, your condition may cause pain and a decreased range of motion in your back and legs. If your condition causes significant pain or interferes with basic functions and necessities of life, you may qualify for Social Security Disability (SSD) benefits. Additionally, you may be eligible for Medicare based on your condition. Finally, your condition may also qualify you to receive health benefits through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).

To learn more about your eligibility for SSD, VA benefits or Medicare, please contact us today for a free evaluation.

Kyphoscoliosis Treatment Options

Treatment options for kyphoscoliosis are highly dependent on the type and stage of the disease. In addition to the treatments discussed above, other treatment options may include physical therapy, pain management, medication and in extreme cases, spinal fusion.

Kyphoscoliosis Prognosis

The prognosis for kyphoscoliosis varies depending on the type and stage of the disease. For example, children with Scheuermann’s disease have a good prognosis because their bones are still growing. Cartilage cells in their growth plates allow the spine to be molded, which can counteract the effect of a slouching posture. However, once these growth plates stop growing in early adulthood, the slouching posture becomes permanent and surgery may be the only option for correcting it.

Life Expectancy for Kyphoscoliosis

The life expectancy for kyphoscoliosis also varies depending on the type and stage of the disease. For example, the life expectancy for kyphoscoliosis patients with Scheuermann’s disease is normal if treated in time. If left untreated, the condition can worsen during middle age and significantly shorten life span. For patients who develop kyphoscoliosis from another illness or disorder, the condition may worsen over time and shorten life expectancy. It is also possible that the underlying condition responsible for causing kyphoscoliosis may also shorten life span.

Kyphoscoliosis FAQs

What is kyphoscoliosis?

Kyphoscoliosis is a spinal abnormality that causes the spine to bend like an S or C shape. The most common form is Scheuermann disease, a condition that primarily affects teenagers and adolescents. Kyphoscoliosis can also be caused by other conditions, such as osteoporosis, tumors and infection.

What are the symptoms of kyphoscoliosis?

The most common symptom of kyphoscoliosis is a side-to-side curve of the spine that looks like an S or a C. Other symptoms may include pain in the lower back, fatigue and limited flexibility of the spine.

How is kyphoscoliosis diagnosed?

To diagnose kyphoscoliosis, your doctor will take a full medical history and perform a physical examination. Imaging tests such as an X-ray, CT scan or MRI may also be needed to fully assess the extent of the curve and rule out other conditions.

How is kyphoscoliosis treated?

Treatment for kyphoscoliosis depends on the type and stage of the disease. In most cases, treatment includes a combination of pain medications, lifestyle changes and in some cases, surgery.

Can kyphoscoliosis be cured?

Kyphoscoliosis is not curable; however, treatment can help improve quality of life.

Outlook for Kyphoscoliosis

The outlook for kyphoscoliosis depends on various factors, including the type and stage of the disease. In most cases, patients with kyphoscoliosis can lead full lives; however, they may require ongoing treatment, such as physical therapy.

Sources & references used in this article:

The safety and efficiency of PVCR without anterior support applied in treatment of Yang Type A severe thoracic kyphoscoliosis by W Sui, Z Huang, Y Deng, H Fan, J Yang, F Li, J Yang – World Neurosurgery, 2017 – Elsevier

Intervertebral disc degeneration in adult mice with hereditary kyphoscoliosis by RM Mason, AJ Palfrey – Journal of orthopaedic research, 1984 – Wiley Online Library

Linkage analysis of genetic loci for kyphoscoliosis on chromosomes 5p13, 13q13. 3, and 13q32 by NH Miller, B Marosy, CM Justice… – American Journal of …, 2006 – Wiley Online Library