Understanding Autism in Women

Autism in women is a condition which affects approximately 1 out of every 68 children born today. Autistic men are rare, but they do exist. A person with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication skills, along with repetitive behaviors and interests. People with ASD may have difficulties understanding or communicating verbally or nonverbally, making it difficult for them to interact socially with others. They may also experience significant behavioral challenges such as extreme shyness, isolation, lack of interest in usual activities and restricted interests. Other common characteristics include difficulty relating to other people and having a limited range of emotions.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that one in 88 American children will develop some form of autism spectrum disorder during their lifetime. While there is no cure for autism, many treatments exist to assist individuals with the condition.

These therapies can include speech therapy, occupational therapy and medical treatment. There are currently no FDA approved medications specifically designed to treat autism in women. However, research into new drugs and treatments continues.

Understanding Autism in Women: What Is It?

There are several different types of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Each one affects a person in a slightly different way.

Sources & references used in this article:

Towards understanding the under-recognition of girls and women on the autism spectrum by J Gould – Autism, 2017 – journals.sagepub.com

Understanding autism in the light of sex/gender by MC Lai, S Baron-Cohen, JD Buxbaum – 2015 – Springer

Understanding the reasons, contexts and costs of camouflaging for autistic adults by E Cage, Z Troxell-Whitman – … of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019 – Springer

Women and girls with autism spectrum disorder: Understanding life experiences from early childhood to old age by S Hendrickx – 2015 – books.google.com

Working toward a better understanding of the life experiences of women on the autism spectrum by JL Taylor, LS DaWalt – 2020 – journals.sagepub.com

Testosterone administration impairs cognitive empathy in women depending on second-to-fourth digit ratio by J Van Honk, DJ Schutter, PA Bos… – Proceedings of the …, 2011 – National Acad Sciences