Types of Karate and How They Compare
There are four main types of karate: Kyokushin, Shotokan, Nihon Makiwa Shito Ryu (日本武道流衛精拳), and Kodokan Juken Do (解住民所). Each type has its own style name. These names have been used since the beginning of karate’s history. There are many different schools of karate, each with its own style name. Some of these styles are very old and some were created only recently.
However, all of them share one thing in common: they all teach techniques based on the principles of self defense.
Kyokushin (土前) is a form that was developed by Morihei Ueshiba (東戸一郎). It is considered to be the most basic form of Japanese martial arts. The term “kyokushin” means “the way of the sword.” Kyokushin teaches techniques using swords or other weapons such as knives, spears, clubs, etc. Kyokushin is often taught alongside Shotokan (銃合気) and Nihon Makiwa Shito Ryu (日本武道流衛精拳).
All three of these types were created by the same person. This person was a man named Masutatsu Oyama (大山倍達).
Kyokushin is also known as Daiton-Kikou-Shorei-Kai (台潜気功小児愛育会) and World Karate Kyokushinkai Association (WKKA).
Shotokan (銃合) is a karate style created by Gichin Funakoshi (船越義珍). It is most commonly taught in the United States. Shotokan means “pine wave bay” in Japanese. It has been called Shotokai (銃武会) and Shoto-kai (銃会). The term “shotokan” is actually a nickname used by students of the style.
The formal name is Nihon Karate-Do Bunka Shinkokai (日本空手道文化進歩会).
Sources & references used in this article:
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Incidence and nature of karate injuries by C Destombe, L Lejeune, Y Guillodo, A Roudaut… – Joint Bone Spine, 2006 – Elsevier
Acute injuries in soccer, ice hockey, volleyball, basketball, judo, and karate: analysis of national registry data by UM Kujala, S Taimela, I Antti-Poika, S Orava… – Bmj, 1995 – bmj.com