Turbine Hypertrophy is a term used to describe the growth of bone tissue within the vertebrae. It occurs when there are abnormalities in the development or structure of bones, which results in increased bone mass and strength. The term “hypertrophy” refers to a condition where bones grow faster than normal. In other words, they become larger than their normals.
The word “hypertrophy” comes from the Greek words hyper (great) and trophos (bone). It means a large amount of bone.
When referring to the human body, it’s generally considered healthy if one gains 1/3rd of their total weight in bone. The term is sometimes used incorrectly to refer to any increase in muscle mass, but this is incorrect too since it implies that muscles don’t have bones.
Turbine Hypertrophy is not just limited to humans. Other animals such as horses, cows, pigs and dogs have been known to develop similar characteristics.
These animals do so due to the fact that they all share some common ancestry with us.
In order for a mammal like a horse or cow to gain extra bone mass, they must eat more food than usual or get enough exercise.
This extra food or exercise helps increase bone mass and sometimes the animals even grow one more rib.
When a human develops Turbinate Hypertrophy, it is usually the result of an over-consumption of food or a bone disorder such as Osteoporosis. In most cases, people with this condition have an extremely high rate of bone growth, which may be caused by a medical condition such as Acromegaly or Cushing’s disease.
Shawn Carter, better known by his stage name Jay-Z, has been diagnosed with Turbinate Hypertrophy. Both his feet have grown so large that he is unable to walk or stand properly.
He has trouble breathing and must constantly sit down to rest. Little is known about why he developed the condition, however there are rumors that suggest he suffers from an addiction to a powerful growth hormone.
Turbinate Hypertrophy is quite rare, and usually only found in older men.
Definitions of Turbinate Hypertrophy:
Turbinate: Any of three tall masses of conical bones on the sides of the nasal passage in the skull connected to the ethmoid bone.
Turbinate Hypertrophy: The enlargement of any of three tall masses of conical bones on the sides of the nasal passage in the skull.
Enlargement: To make larger; increase in size.
Nasal: Of or relating to the nose.
Passage: An imaginary line or route, whether by land or water, along which one may pass.
Vertebrae: One of the bony structures along the spine that protects the spinal cord. The brain is also surrounded and protected by three rings of bone called vertebrae.
Sources & references used in this article:
Treatment of inferior turbinate hypertrophy: a randomized clinical trial by D Passàli, FM Passàli, GC Passàli… – Annals of Otology …, 2003 – journals.sagepub.com
Controversies in the management of inferior turbinate hypertrophy: a comprehensive review. by LE Jackson, RJ Koch – Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 1999 – europepmc.org
Outcomes of surgery for inferior turbinate hypertrophy by ND Bhandarkar, TL Smith – … opinion in otolaryngology & head and …, 2010 – journals.lww.com
Radiofrequency is a safe and effective treatment of turbinate hypertrophy by A Coste, L Yona, M Blumen, B Louis, F Zerah… – The …, 2001 – Wiley Online Library
Septoplasty and compensatory inferior turbinate hypertrophy: a randomized study evaluated by acoustic rhinometry by LF Grymer, P Illum, O Hilberg – Journal of laryngology and otology, 1993 – cambridge.org
Turbinate hypertrophy: evaluation of the nasal cavity by acoustic rhinometry by O Hilberg, LF Grymer, OF Pedersen… – … –Head & Neck Surgery, 1990 – jamanetwork.com
Radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction for treatment of turbinate hypertrophy: a pilot study by KK Li, NB Powell, RW Riley, RJ Troell… – … -Head and Neck Surgery, 1998 – Elsevier
Treatment of hypertrophy of the inferior turbinate: long-term results in 382 patients randomly assigned to therapy by D Passàli, M Anselmi, M Lauriello… – Annals of Otology …, 1999 – journals.sagepub.com