Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Symptoms

Thyroid gland enlargement is one of the thyroid symptoms. Thyroid gland enlargement causes weight gain, hair growth, and other changes in your body. If you have thyroid problems, then you will experience some of these symptoms too.

You may feel tired all the time or even dizziness at times. Your mental abilities are affected as well because of fatigue and depression might occur due to lack of energy. Some of the symptoms include:



Weight Gain (especially around abdomen)

Hair Growth (especially around head)

The Thyroid Gland Symptoms – How Can I Treat Them?

Treatment for thyroid gland symptoms includes various things such as diet, exercise, medication, and radiation therapy. Diet is very important if you want to improve your health condition. There are many foods which contain iodine and they are good for your health. These foods include fish, shellfish, eggs, milk products, vegetables and fruits. Eating these foods regularly helps in improving your health condition. Exercise is another important thing which can help you to get rid of the symptoms. Physical activity improves your mood and reduces stress levels. Many people do not like exercising but it is necessary for getting rid of thyroid gland symptoms. Medication is used when you have thyroid gland problem which causes weight gain or depression. These medications help in reducing these symptoms. Radiation therapy is the last option which is used when you have thyroid cancer. The radiation therapy kills the cancer cells but it can affect healthy cells as well. It is very important to know that drugs, medicine and other treatments for one disease can cause side effects in other diseases. In addition to this, they can increase the risk of another disease developing or worsen its symptoms.

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Surgery

Surgery is performed for the treatment of thyroglossal duct cyst when medical intervention is necessary or it has grown large in size and needs to be removed. In some cases, surgery can also be avoided if the patient is healthy and the cyst is small in size, as it may be possible to keep monitoring the cyst and its condition for some time. However, this should only be done if the patient is in a position to monitor the condition carefully and has facilities to do so.

Surgery is usually carried out under general anesthesia where you are asleep and numb. The procedure helps in removing the cyst and some of the tissues may also be removed. The operation is successful in most of the cases however; there are few complications which can occur such as bleeding, infection, permanent disfigurement and incomplete removal of the cyst.

Sources & references used in this article:

Primary papillary carcinoma of a thyroglossal duct cyst: report of a case and literature review by SD Weiss, CC Orlich – British journal of surgery, 1991 – Wiley Online Library

Thyroglossal duct cyst: personal experience and literature review by V Mondin, A Ferlito, E Muzzi, CE Silver, JJ Fagan… – Auris Nasus …, 2008 – Elsevier

Thyroglossal duct cyst of the tongue. by W Santiago, LP Rybak, RM Bass – The Journal of otolaryngology, 1985 –

Imaging for thyroglossal duct cyst: the bare essentials by AT Ahuja, KT Wong, AD King, EHY Yuen – Clinical radiology, 2005 – Elsevier