The Peak of Your Morning Sickness:
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of morning sickness include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and fatigue. These symptoms may last from several hours to days.
How long do they last?
Morning sickness usually lasts only one or two hours but it can continue for days.
When does morning sickness start?
During pregnancy your body produces hormones called progesterone and estrogen which affect how much time you have to go through the physical changes of pregnancy. You produce these hormones during the first trimester and then decrease during the second trimester. The hormone levels increase again after birth. For example, if you give birth on Monday, your level of progesterone will be higher than normal on Tuesday. If you take a nap on Wednesday morning, your level of progesterone will be lower than usual Thursday afternoon.
What causes morning sickness?
Morning sickness starts when the baby’s head enters your womb (uterus). The hormone progesterone causes the lining of your uterus to become thicker. Normally, this thickening occurs between 12 and 16 weeks into pregnancy. This thickening helps prepare your uterus for the growing baby inside. However, some women experience morning sickness before their due date even though they haven’t had any problems with getting pregnant yet!
Why doesn’t my body make enough progesterone?
There are some women that, for medical reasons, do not experience morning sickness. Instead, they suffer from a condition called hypermesis gravidarum (HG), which is similar to morning sickness but much more severe. This condition causes vomiting up to 50 times per day. Although doctors don’t know the reason for all cases of hypermesis gravidarum, it’s possible that some cases are caused by an imbalance of certain hormones in the body. In some cases, a woman might experience morning sickness due to an imbalance of hormones, or she may suffer from another medical condition.
What is Hyperemesis Gravidarum?
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a condition in which a woman experiences nausea and vomiting during pregnancy to the point that it causes weight loss, dehydration and malnutrition. In most cases, treatment for hyperemesis gravidarum involves treating the symptoms. For example, your doctor may prescribe medications to control or prevent vomiting and nausea. You may also need to receive IV (intravenous) fluids to treat dehydration. In severe cases, treatment for hyperemesis gravidarum includes certain medications or a procedure to empty the contents of your stomach.
After pregnancy, some women find that their symptoms of nausea and vomiting continue and are diagnosed with a condition known as Pregnant Onset Gender Disappointment Syndrome (POGDS), in which a woman is unable to bond with her child after birth. She experiences an overwhelming sense of loss and depression.
What causes hyperemesis gravidarum?
Changes in the body’s normal balance of hormones is thought to be responsible for most cases of hyperemesis gravidarum. This change in hormones interferes with the digestive process, specifically in your small intestine, leading to nausea and vomiting. It’s also common in women who have low levels of a hormone called Progesterone. For some women, the nausea and vomiting starts shortly after they learn they’re pregnant. This is known as Prenatal Pregnancy-Associated Nausea (PPAN). Some women experience symptoms a few weeks after giving birth. PPAN can cause significant weight loss, dehydration and malnutrition during pregnancy, which may lead to serious problems for both mother and child. PPAN is a risk factor in about 1 percent of all pregnancies and is more common with women who are expecting their first child. Unmarried women, especially teenagers, are more likely to experience this condition. If you think you suffer from this condition, inform your doctor immediately as it needs to be treated.
You need to eat small meals and snacks throughout the day that are high in protein and carbohydrates. You should also eat foods with a low fat content because this can cause your stomach to secrete more acid which can trigger the nausea and vomiting. Eating a lot of foods with a strong odor such as garlic or strong spices are also to be avoided. It is also a good idea to let your doctor know if you suffer from a food allergy because eating food with your allergy can also trigger the symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
How will my symptoms affect my daily life?
Although no treatment is required for most women with hyperemesis gravidarum, the constant vomiting can have a serious impact on your ability to function normally. You may find that most of the day is spent being sick or recovering from being sick. You may also suffer from dehydration and lose a considerable amount of weight which can have a serious impact on you and your baby’s health.
Does hyperemesis gravidarum affect the baby?
Lack of nutrition, weight loss and dehydration can increase the risk of problems for the baby during pregnancy. Your baby may develop problems with their kidneys, blood pressure and their weight. There is also evidence to suggest that hyperemesis gravidarum may increase the risk of a miscarriage. All of these problems can lead to premature birth and serious health concerns for the baby after they are born.
Can this condition harm me?
If you have hyperemesis gravidarum, you may suffer from more than just nausea and vomiting during your pregnancy. You may also suffer from weight loss and dehydration which can cause long-term effects on your own health. If the condition is left untreated and you are dehydrated, it can cause your blood to become too concentrated which can lead to a condition known as preeclampsia. Preeclampsia can cause serious problems for both yourself and your baby.
Can this condition affect my baby after they are born?
If you suffer from hyperemesis gravidarum during your pregnancy, there is an increased risk of problems occurring when you give birth.