Talus Fracture: What You Need to Know
What Is A Talus Fracture?
A talus fracture is a break or crack in the soft tissue surrounding your ankle joint. There are two types of talus fractures: superficial and deep.
The most common type of talus fracture is a shallow one (Figure 1). These are usually caused by a fall or other trauma. They occur mostly in children and young adults.
Most commonly, these fractures heal without any problems; however, they may cause pain at first. Sometimes the bones do not fuse properly after healing so there will still be some space between them and the bone bed. When this happens, it means that the bone may move around during normal activities such as walking or running.
In rare cases, the bone may even become dislocated. If this occurs, it could lead to a much worse problem like a broken leg or arm. The risk of having a fractured limb increases if you have diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis or certain kinds of cancer.
If you suffer from any of these conditions then your chances of suffering from a talus fracture increase significantly. Talus fractures are also more likely to occur in women than men. This is due to the fact that women are more likely than men to suffer from one or more of these conditions.
The other type of talus fracture is a deep one (Figure 2). These occur when a lot of pressure or force is applied directly to the ankle joint. This type of force pushes the bone into itself causing damage to the surrounding soft tissue and joints.
These types of fractures can be very serious because they involve damage to other parts of the foot and ankle. In rare cases, they may also cause damage to the nerves and blood vessels in the area.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Talus Fracture?
Sources & references used in this article:
Snowboarder’s talus fracture: Mechanism of injury by AJ Boon, J Smith, ME Zobitz… – The American journal of …, 2001 – journals.sagepub.com
Checkrein deformity secondary to entrapment of FHL after talus fracture: a case report by SH Kim, KT Lee, RW Smith… – Foot & ankle …, 2010 – journals.sagepub.com
Avascular necrosis after minimally displaced talus fracture in a child by S Rammelt, H Zwipp, JM Gavlik – Foot & ankle international, 2000 – journals.sagepub.com
Fractures of the talus: experience of two level 1 trauma centers by H Elgafy, NA Ebraheim, M Tile… – Foot & Ankle …, 2000 – journals.sagepub.com
Classification of fractures of the talus: clear differentiation between neck and body fractures by S Inokuchi, K Ogawa, N Usami – Foot & ankle international, 1996 – journals.sagepub.com
Ipsilateral fractures of the talus and calcaneus by P Gregory, T DiPasquale, D Herscovici… – Foot & ankle …, 1996 – journals.sagepub.com