Tablets vs. Capsules: Pros, Cons, and How They Differ

Tablet or Capsule?

There are two types of pills: tablets and capsules. Tablet means a solid material which contains the active ingredient (the drug) dissolved in a liquid solution. Most commonly, these consist of sugar, starch, or some other carbohydrate. These drugs have been used since ancient times to treat many different diseases such as diabetes mellitus, asthma, malaria and so on. Some examples include insulin and metformin (Glucophage®).

Capsule means a liquid solution containing the active ingredient dissolved in water. Many medications contain either a tablet or capsule form. Examples include antibiotics, blood thinners, antihistamines, cholesterol lowering agents and others.

The main advantage of tablets is that they are easier to swallow than capsules because there is no need to break them up into pieces before swallowing. Also, tablets are usually less expensive than capsules. However, tablets tend to cause stomach upset if taken too frequently due to their high sugar content. If you take a pill every time you eat or drink something sweet, your body will begin breaking down the sugar in the food or drink instead of absorbing it through your skin.

Another disadvantage of tablets is that they may not work as well when swallowed directly from a bottle rather than being chewed or crushed beforehand.

Capsules are mainly used for drugs that are insoluble in water. Usually, the active ingredient is enclosed in a shell that dissolves in the stomach and releases the drug into the bloodstream. There are several different types of capsules, including hard shells with a liquid or soluble powder inside, and soft shells with granules inside.

Most soft capsules with granules should be swallowed whole. If you need to open a soft capsule, you should wash your hands thoroughly before opening it because the contents can be toxic if absorbed through the skin.

Capsules are more expensive to make than tablets because they contain more ingredients and require special machinery to produce them. In addition, the active ingredient in a capsule is less likely to bind with other ingredients, which may decrease its efficacy.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates over-the-counter medications, such as aspirin and cough syrup, and pharmaceutical drugs, such as antibiotics and hormones. The FDA does not regulate supplements such as fish oil or glucosamine.

Despite this fact, many supplement manufacturers refer to their products as drugs to give the impression that their products have undergone significant testing by the FDA.

The word “diet” is commonly used to describe a meal plan that is designed to promote weight loss or prevent weight gain. Many people use the word diet to refer to their eating habits in general.

A person’s diet can also refer to the types of food that a particular culture traditionally eats.

A diet can also be used to describe a type of food that a patient requires during treatment. For example, tube feeding and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) are types of diet therapy.

A drug is a product that changes the way the body works. This includes both illegal drugs and prescription medications.

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for painful menstruation.

Eczema is a long-term skin condition, which causes redness, swelling, itching and flaking of the skin. In most cases, doctors don’t know what causes eczema. However, in some cases, eczema seems to run in families. It can also be triggered by specific external factors, such as contact with an allergen, stress or irritants.

Eczema usually appears on the hands and/or on the limbs.

Sources & references used in this article:

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Qualitative study of decisions about infant feeding among women in east end of London by P Hoddinott, R Pill – Bmj, 1999 – bmj.com

A hard pill to swallow: a qualitative study of women’s experiences of adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer by A Harrow, R Dryden, C McCowan, A Radley… – BMJ open, 2014 – bmjopen.bmj.com

Emergency contraceptive pills: a simple proposal to reduce unintended pregnancies by J Trussell, F Stewart, F Guest, RA Hatcher – Family planning perspectives, 1992 – JSTOR

Innovation in clinical method: diabetes care and negotiating skills by NCH Stott, S Rollnick, MR Rees, RM Pill – Family Practice, 1995 – academic.oup.com

Supplements and sports foods by L Burke, M Cort, G Cox, R Crawford… – Clinical sports …, 2006 – academia.edu

Fluoride supplements for young children: an analysis of the literature focusing on benefits and risks by PJ Riordan – Community dentistry and oral epidemiology, 1999 – Wiley Online Library

Similarities and differences among delayed‐release proton‐pump inhibitor formulations by JR Horn, CW Howden – Alimentary pharmacology & …, 2005 – Wiley Online Library