What is Pseudophakia?
Pseudophakia is a condition where the eyes are not functioning normally due to damage caused by cataracts or other diseases. A person with pseudophakia may have difficulty seeing objects at close range, such as small details and even faces. They may also see blurry images when looking far away from the eye. The most common cause of pseudophakia is cataract surgery, which removes damaged lens from the eye. Other causes include age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, retinal detachment, and other conditions.
How Common Is it?
The prevalence of pseudophakia varies between 1% and 10%. However, the incidence of cataract surgeries is increasing in developed countries like USA and UK. This means that there will be more cases of pseudophakia in future.
Who Gets it?
It affects both men and women equally. It is estimated that around one in every ten adults has some form of pseudophakia. The most common causes of pseudophakia are cataract surgery, AMD, glaucoma, retinal detachment, and other conditions.
What Are The Symptoms of Pseudophakia?
It is not easy to identify the presence of pseudophakia. If you have had cataract surgery, your eye care professional can use this information to determine if you suffer from this condition. While developing cataracts, you may experience a decrease in visual acuity and cloudy vision. The symptoms of this condition are the same as that of old-age or normal cataracts. In some cases, you may have sudden pain in your eye after the surgery.
What Are The Causes of Pseudophakia?
Cataract surgery is the most common cause of pseudophakia. Conditions that damage the lens directly like glaucoma, retinal detachment, and inflammation (uveitis) can also result in a permanent decrease in visual acuity. It can also be caused by treating people with severe vision problems with steroids that affect the development of mature lenses.
What Are The Risk Factors of Pseudophakia?
The presence of risk factors does not always imply that you will get pseudophakia. However, they increase your chances of getting this condition. Different factors can increase your risk of getting pseudophakia. These factors include, but are not limited to:
Age – People above 50 years of age are more prone to pseudophakia. This is due to the fact that the lens may become damaged with age.
Medical History – People who suffer from serious eye diseases like glaucoma or others may be at a higher risk of getting cataracts. This means that people with a family history of eye disease are also more likely to get this condition.
Sources & references used in this article:
Prevalence of cataract and pseudophakia/aphakia among adults in the United States. by N Congdon, JR Vingerling, BE Klein… – … (Chicago, Ill.: 1960), 2004 – europepmc.org
Monovision pseudophakia by S Greenbaum – Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 2002 – Elsevier
Pseudophakia and intraocular pressure by RL Radius, K Schultz, K Sobocinski, RO Schultz… – American journal of …, 1984 – Elsevier
Choice of lens and dioptric power in pediatric pseudophakia by E Dahan, MUH Drusedau – Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 1997 – Elsevier
Pseudophakia in children: precautions, technique, and feasibility by E Dahan, BD Salmenson – Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 1990 – Elsevier
Cystoid macular edema in pseudophakia by WJ Stark Jr, AE Maumenee, W Fagadau… – Survey of …, 1984 – Elsevier
Pseudophakia for traumatic cataracts in children by SB Koenig, MS Ruttum, MF Lewandowski, RO Schultz – Ophthalmology, 1993 – Elsevier
Myopic astigmatism a substitute for accommodation in pseudophakia by C Huber – Documenta ophthalmologica, 1981 – Springer