Period or Miscarriage? Signs to Watch For and What to Do

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Signs of Miscarriage: Signs of Miscarriage: Signs of Miscarriage:

1) Blood Clotting in the Legs or Other Parts of Body : If you have ever had any experience with bleeding from the legs, then you are aware that it may not just be due to heavy periods.

There could be other reasons behind it such as pregnancy complications, infection etc.

2) Bleeding from the Nipples or Mouth : Some women bleed when they are having sexual relations.

This bleeding may also be due to a variety of reasons such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infection, ectopic pregnancy, uterine fibroids etc.

3) Painful Cramping or Pains in Your Lower Back or Knees : Sometimes there are pain-related causes of menstrual cramps and pains.

These might include back or knee surgery, cancer treatment, spinal cord injury etc.

4) Heavy Bleeding : Most of the time if you have been experiencing heavy bleeding during your cycle, then you need to consult a doctor immediately.

You will be advised to go through a medical check up.

5) Painful Urination : Sometimes women experience painful urinating while menstruating which usually occurs around the 3rd week of their cycles.

If this is something new that you are experiencing, then you should consult your physician right away.

When to See Doctor for Bleeding : If you are bleeding excessively (soaking through one or more thick sanitary pads every hour) for more than 2 hours and your menstrual cycle has not started, then immediately go and see a doctor at the nearest hospital.

6) Cloudy or Bloody Discharge : This is clear sign of vaginal infection or sexually transmitted disease.

You may need to use treatment methods such as creams or pills.

7) Changes in the Cervix : If you notice changes in your cervix such as dark spots, pain during sexual contact or vaginal infection, then immediately consult a physician.

What to do if there are signs of Pregnancy : If you have unprotected sexual inter course with your partner, then it doesn’t necessarily mean that you become pregnant. However, if you have missed your monthly periods and experience some symptoms such as sore or swollen gums, tender and swollen brests, nausea, fatigue etc.

then you should go to the nearest clinic or hospital for a pregnancy test.

Bleeding During First Trimester : It is common to experience bleeding during the first trimester of your pregnancy. In most cases it happens because the placenta has not developed completely or it attaches itself to the uterine wall or cervix.

What to do if you experience severe cramps : If you have experienced severe cramping during your periods, then it means that your uterus is trying to expel the unused or unfertilized eggs. It is quite normal.

You can take over-the-counter drugs or medicines such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil) or naproxen (Aleve). If the pain is still severe and you do not wish to take these drugs, then you can try the traditional method of applying hot water bottle on your stomach or abdominal massage.

What to do if you experience nausea and vomiting : You may experience nausea and vomiting when you are menstruating. If this is something new that you are experiencing, then go and see your doctor right away as it may be a sign of pregnancy.

What to do if you experience low blood pressure : As your pregnancy advances, you will experience what is known as “hypotension”, or unusually low blood pressure. If you experience this symptom, then rest and lie down in a comfortable position.

What to do if you experience round ligament pain : This pain develops when the growing uterus puts pressure on the round ligaments that support it. This pain is quite common during the last months of pregnancy.

You can take over-the-counter medicines or drugs such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil) or naproxen (Aleve). You can try the traditional method of soaking your hips in a warm bath several times a day.

What to do if you experience heartburn : As your pregnancy advances, you may experience heartburn or what is medically known as “melaena praemetarium”. If you experience this symptom, then try to avoid lying down after eating.

You can also try some over-the-counter drugs or medicines such as antacids or those which lower the acidity of the stomach.

What to do if you experience itchy skin : During your pregnancy, your body experiences hormonal changes and one of the side effects is itchy skin. If you experience this symptom, then try taking a warm bath or using a lotion or cream for itchy skin.

What to do if you are tired : You may experience extreme tiredness or fatigue during your pregnancy. If you experience this symptom, then get plenty of rest.

Don’t lift anything too heavy and if possible, ask someone else to do those things for you.

What to do if you are feeling anxious or nervous : Some women develop what is known as “nervous hysteria” during their pregnancy. If you experience this symptom, try taking deep breaths.

If the symptoms worsen and you feel like you are losing control over yourself, then go and seek medical attention immediately.

What to do if you suddenly crave certain food items : During your pregnancy, you may experience sudden cravings for food items that you don’t even like. If this is something new that you are experiencing, then go and see your doctor right away as it may be a sign of a nutritional deficiency.

What to do if you have severe pain in your lower back : A pain in your lower back can be a symptom of kidney stones. If you experience this symptom, then go and seek medical attention immediately.

Acid reflux and heartburn are often confused and their symptoms are also very similar. However, they are two different conditions.

Acid reflux is a condition in which the acid present in the stomach backs up into the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube through which food passes into the stomach.

This causes severe burning sensation inside the chest or the upper area of the stomach.

Heartburn is a condition in which the food that you eat, or the acidic content in it, burns somewhere near the heart. The burning sensation can range from the upper portion of the stomach to around the upper middle part of the chest.

While acid reflux can be a very minor condition, heartburn can sometimes lead to ulcers and severe pain in the chest. If you experience this symptom, then take some antacids or other over-the-counter medicines that you may find effective.

If the pain persists, then seek medical attention immediately.

If you start to feel an irregular pain near your ankles or feet, then you could be suffering from a condition known as preeclampsia. Some of the other symptoms of this condition include swelling of the face and hands, loss of vision, severe headaches and high blood pressure.

If you experience any of these symptoms then seek immediate medical attention.

You may start to feel extremely short of breath for no reason at all during your pregnancy.

Sources & references used in this article:

An exposition of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy: the period of human gestation, and the signs of delivery by D Cressy – 1997 – OUP Oxford

“before midnight she had miscarried” Women, Men, and Miscarriage in Early Modern England by WFH Montgomery – 1839 – books.google.com

Gender of infants conceived on different days of the menstrual cycle by J Evans, S Read – Journal of Family History, 2015 – journals.sagepub.com

Women’s Experience of Miscarriage: A qualitative study by S Harlap – New England Journal of Medicine, 1979 – Mass Medical Soc

Aspirin plus heparin or aspirin alone in women with recurrent miscarriage by DP Manca, MJ Bass – Canadian Family Physician, 1991 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Miscarriage—Evidence Based Information for the Web and Its Development Procedure by SP Kaandorp, M Goddijn… – … England Journal of …, 2010 – Mass Medical Soc

A randomized trial of progesterone in women with recurrent miscarriages by A Adolfsson, E Arbhede, E Marklund… – Advances in Sexual …, 2015 – scirp.org

Parents’ perceptions of the miscarriage experience by A Coomarasamy, H Williams… – … England Journal of …, 2015 – Mass Medical Soc

Population dynamics during a 15 year period in one community of free‐living chimpanzees in the Gombe National Park, Tanzania by MH Hutti – Death Studies, 1992 – Taylor & Francis