Oxcarbazepine Side Effects: What You Should Know About Oxcarbazepine?
The most common side effect of oxcarbazepine is dizziness. It may cause you to lose balance or fall down. If you have had any kind of stroke, your vision will become blurry and you might not recognize familiar objects. Other possible side effects include nausea, vomiting, constipation, headache, fatigue and nervousness. These are some of the potential side effects of oxcarbazepine.
If you experience any of these symptoms, stop taking oxcarbazepine immediately and contact your doctor.
Other possible side effects include anxiety, agitation, confusion, depression, hallucinations (seeing things), delusions (believing things that aren’t true) insomnia, nightmares (nightmares during which you feel very frightened), psychosis (a mental disorder characterized by abnormal thinking or behavior), sleepwalking and suicidal thoughts. These are some of the possible side effects of oxcarbazepine.
In addition to these possible side effects, take into consideration that there is a possibility that you could develop a serious allergic reaction to oxcarbazepine. Symptoms of such reactions include hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat; trouble swallowing; wheezing or coughing up blood.
Stop taking oxcarbazepine immediately and seek immediate emergency medical attention if you develop any of these symptoms.
In addition, stop taking oxcarbazepine and contact your doctor immediately if you experience any signs of early termination of pregnancy such as vaginal bleeding or if you are pregnant and have missed your period.
Also, seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms: severe dizziness or drowsiness, slow heart rate, fainting, slow and shallow breathing.
The physician or health care practitioner may have to change the treatment medication. These are some of the serious side effects of oxcarbazepine.
There is no specific antidote for oxcarbazepine in case of an overdose.
It is important to call the Poison Control Centre 1-800-222-1222 for instructions or treatment if someone has ingested oxcarbazepine.
In addition, you should also call emergency medical help if the person has ingested any other substances.
It is important to perform first aid immediately if the person is unconscious, not breathing, or not breathing normally.
You should also call emergency medical help if the person is considered to be a child and has ingested oxcarbazepine, even if the person is conscious.
The problem can be fixed by taking the medication Zuplenz (ondansetron). It is available for treating nausea and vomiting. In addition, you can take Klennex(sodium citrate) and water. These drugs reduce the amount of oxcarbazepine in your body.
These are some of the steps to follow in case of an overdose.
There are few other things that you should know about oxcarbazepine:
Do not take oxcarbazepine if you are allergic to it or any other ingredients that are found in it.
Do not take oxcarbazepine with alcohol or any other central nervous system depressing drugs. It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, breathing problems, coma and possibly death.
Before taking oxcarbazepine, inform the physician or health care practitioner if you are allergic to any drugs or have liver or kidney problems, pregnancy, suicidal tendencies or depression, a history of suicide attempt, anxiety disorder, any heart disease or irregular heart beat.
Do not eat or drink anything (even water) within at least 4 hours of taking oxcarbazepine.
Complete the full course of treatment that your physician has prescribed. Do not stop taking oxcarbazepine even if you feel better, as the symptoms may come back.
Side effects of oxcarbazepine can vary from patient to patient. To avoid any serious side effects of oxcarbazepine, inform your physician or health care practitioner if you are experiencing any serious side effects while taking oxcarbazepine.
You may experience changes in vision, including blurriness, a change in the number of your tears, swelling or pain in the eyes. In addition, you may also experience changes in hearing, including loss of hearing or ringing in the ears.
You may experience dizziness or drowsiness. You should not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how oxcarbazepine affects you.
Patients on oxcarbazepine may experience minor side effects like feeling anxious, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, loss of appetite, nausea, trouble sleeping and vomiting.
Do not take oxcarbazepine if you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant or if you are a nursing mother.
Do not take oxcarbazepine before surgical operations.
Do not take oxcarbazepine if the seal on the bottle is broken.
Do not take oxcarbazepine with alcohol.
Do not take oxcarbazepine if you have allergies to any other drug or if you have had an allergic reaction to a similar drug called topiramate.
Do not increase or decrease the dose of oxcarbazepine without seeking your physician’s advice.
Do not take oxcarbazepine with ondansetron (Zuplenz).
Do not take oxcarbazepine for conditions for which it was not prescribed.
Frequently asked questions:
What is oxcarbazepine used for?
Oxcarbazepine is used for the treatment of certain types of seizures and nerve pain caused due to epilepsy or diabetes. It is also used to prevent migraine headaches. It may also be used to treat manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder.
How does oxcarbazepine work?
Oxcarbazepine is a synthetic drug that is used to treat certain types of seizures and nerve pain caused due to epilepsy or diabetes. It is also used to prevent migraine headaches by decreasing the release of certain chemicals that are responsible for causing the headache. It works by decreasing the activity of certain chemicals in the brain that are responsible for causing seizures and nerve pain.
What is an overdose of oxcarbazepine?
An overdose of oxcarbazepine can be described as an occurrence of excessive intake of the drug that leads to harmful outcomes. A very large overdose may lead to coma or even death.
How is an overdose of oxcarbazepine detected?
Severe overdose of oxcarbazepine may be detected by excessive nervousness, drowsiness, lack of coordination, disturbed vision, slurred speech, confusion, aggression or coma. The overdose may be confirmed by the presence of oxcarbazepine in the blood.
How is an oxcarbazepine overdose treated?
The treatment for oxcarbazepine overdose will be symptom-specific and depending on the severity of the symptoms. The patient may need to be monitored and treated by a medical specialist. The patients who have consumed too much oxcarbazepine may need to be admitted to the hospital so that they can be closely monitored to check if there is any vital organ damage.
What are the warnings associated with oxcarbazepine?
Do not take oxcarbazepine without first discussing with your physician if you have epilepsy or kidney disease.
Do not drive or operate heavy machinery if you experience symptoms like drowsiness, dizziness, lack of coordination, confusion or difficulty in vision while taking oxcarbazepine as these symptoms may get worse and result in an accident.
Do not drink alcohol or take any other drug containing alcohol while taking oxcarbazepine as this may increase the chances of you experiencing such adverse effects.
Do not start or stop smoking while taking oxcarbazepine as this may increase the occurrence of side effects like difficulty in breathing and tightness in the chest.
Do not take oxcarbazepine if the seal on the bottle is broken as this may lead to an overdose.
Sources & references used in this article:
Assessment of the bioequivalence of two oxcarbazepine oral suspensions versus a film-coated tablet in healthy subjects. by G Flesch, D Tudor, J Denouel, J Bonner… – International journal of …, 2003 – europepmc.org
Overview of the clinical pharmacokinetics of oxcarbazepine by G Flesch – Clinical drug investigation, 2004 – Springer
Clinical pharmacokinetics of oxcarbazepine by TW May, E Korn-Merker, B Rambeck – Clinical pharmacokinetics, 2003 – Springer
Bioequivalence of oxcarbazepine oral suspension vs. film-coated tablet in healthy Chinese male subjects by C Souppart, Q Yin, M Merz, P Hu… – … journal of clinical …, 2008 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
Formulation and evaluation of mouth dissolving tablets of oxcarbazepine by A Kalia, S Khurana, N Bedi – cellulose, 2009 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org