Nabothian Cyst Symptoms:
The most common symptoms are pain, burning sensation, redness and swelling of the area around the cyst. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, headache and dizziness. There may be other signs like fever or chills.
Some patients experience these symptoms without any other symptom at all.
How does Nabothian Cyst Occur?
It is not known exactly how it happens but there are several theories. One theory says that the bladder wall ruptures due to pressure from the surrounding tissue. Another theory suggests that the bladder wall tears because of a blockage caused by stones, bacteria or other foreign objects inside the body. A third theory suggests that some kind of infection causes damage to the urinary tract causing irritation and inflammation in various parts of it.
Symptoms of Nabothian Cyst:
Most commonly, the symptoms occur after a few days and they last only for a short time. However, sometimes they may go on for months or even years. Sometimes patients have no symptoms at all.
If the cyst is large enough then it will cause problems with urination. When the cyst bursts open, urine leakage occurs and urine becomes very painful to drink.
Nabothian Cyst Diagnosis:
A physical examination of the patient, medical history and lab tests will reveal the condition. The physician will ask about the patient’s medical history and symptoms experienced. He may examine the patient thoroughly.
He may also take a sample of urine for testing. A CT scan or ultrasound of the stomach and urinary tract is used to confirm if there is indeed a cyst in the bladder region. Blood tests may be taken to rule out other medical conditions. A cystoscopy is often done to confirm nabothian cyst. Using a small camera, the cyst can be seen and analysed by the physician.
Nabothian Cyst Treatment:
The treatment of nabothian cyst depends on various factors such as its size, location, complexity and whether or not it has ruptured. If the cyst is small and has not burst, the physician may choose to do nothing about it since most of these cysts disappear on their own within a period of two years. If it is large or if it has burst then surgery will be necessary.
A scope is placed into the urinary tract and the cyst is removed.
Other treatment options include medicines, dietary changes and supplements, etc.
Nabothian Cyst Prevention:
It is not possible to prevent nabothian cyst but you can take steps to prevent urinary tract infections and other medical conditions that may cause damage to the bladder. To prevent urinary tract infections, drink plenty of fluids each day, maintain proper hygiene and urinate when needed.
Nabothian cyst is a condition in which an abnormality is formed in the lining of the urinary tract. This lining consists of a small cyst that has thin, fragile, smooth and translucent walls with a jelly-like substance inside. It can be found anywhere along the urinary tract but most commonly it is found in the bladder.
The cyst can range in size from that of a pinhead to a pea. It is not known what causes the formation of nabothian cyst. It may be due to some kind of damage or irritation which may be caused by a variety of factors such as accident, infection or diet.
This condition does not cause any pain but it may cause problems such as blockage or urinary tract infection if the cyst bursts open. In some cases, nabothian cyst bursts open without any symptoms or warning. If the cyst is small and in its early stages then it will disappear on its own within a period of two years.
If it is large or has burst then surgery may be necessary. A cystoscope is used by the physician to find and remove nabothian cyst. Antibiotics are also given to prevent or treat any urinary tract infection.
Relieving pain and making sure the patient is hydrated are the main concerns of nabothian cyst. The physician may also give some pain medication. The condition clears on its own after a period of 2 years.
Nabothian cyst can affect anyone, but it’s most common in women aged 15 to 30 years. It is also more common in people who have cystitis, which is often referred to as a recurring urinary tract infection.
Some people have a urinary tract abnormality that consists of an enlarged bladder and/or urethra. Both of these conditions can make a person more prone to urinary tract infections, which can lead to nabothian cyst development.
A diet high in salt (sodium) can increase the chances of developing nabothian cyst. A diet low in fat and fiber can also increase the chances of developing this condition.
Most of the time, nabothian cyst occurs on its own and there is no known cause. There are no known preventative steps that can be taken to stop them from recurring.
In the past, these types of cysts were known as “mucoid cysts.” Newer research shows that they are not true cysts but instead are mucus-filled tubular structures.
Some experts believe that these tubular structures are there to protect the lining of the urinary tract, which is very sensitive to irritation.
Other research shows no evidence of this condition in animals.
More research is necessary to understand nabothian cyst.
Sources & references used in this article:
Complex Nabothian cysts: a diagnostic dilemma by V Sosnovski, R Barenboim, HI Cohen… – Archives of gynecology …, 2009 – Springer
Deep nabothian cysts of the uterine cervix. A possible source of confusion with minimal-deviation adenocarcinoma (adenoma malignum) by PB Clement, RH Young – International journal of gynecological …, 1989 – journals.lww.com
Large Nabothian cyst obstructing labour passage by F Vural, I Sanverdi, ADE Coskun… – Journal of clinical and …, 2015 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
MRI of endocervical glandular disorders: three cases of a deep nabothian cyst and three cases of a minimal-deviation adenocarcinoma by H Oguri, N Maeda, C Izumiya, T Kusume… – Magnetic resonance …, 2004 – Elsevier
A giant cervical nabothian cyst compressing the rectum, differential diagnosis and literature review. by A Nigam, D Choudhary, C Raghunandan – Case Rep Obstet Gynecol, 2012