Melasma Home Remedies

Melasma Home Remedies: How To Cure Melasma?

The word “melasma” means dark spots or patches on your face. These are caused due to excess melanin (pigment) in the skin cells. This pigment causes the color of your skin to change depending upon its concentration in certain areas. Melanin is responsible for making our hair white, but it also affects other parts of our body such as our eyes, lips and cheeks. Melasma is most commonly seen in people with fair complexions.

What Causes Melasma?

Melanin is produced naturally by the human body. However, excessive amounts of melanin cause some areas of the skin to become darker than others. For example, if there is too much melanin in one area of your face, then your cheekbones will appear blacker than they really are and your nose may even turn completely red. Melasma is caused when the amount of melanin in certain areas exceeds what the body’s natural ability to produce.

How Do You Get Melasma?

There are several factors which contribute to causing melasma. Some of these include: sun exposure, hormonal changes during puberty, genetics and age. A person can have both lightening and darkening patches on their face simultaneously. Sometimes, melasma can affect more than just the face — it can spread to your chest, back and other parts of the body.

Treating Melasma

Melasma is not a dangerous medical condition. However, it can be quite irritating or even embarrassing for some people as it causes irregular darkening of the skin. Melasma is often triggered by external factors such as sunlight, hormonal changes during puberty or menopause, medication and genetics. In rare cases, it can also be caused by internal factors such as liver disease and diabetes. If you suffer from melasma, there are several things that you can do at home to prevent and treat it.

Self-Care at Home

The most basic thing that you can do is to limit your time in the sun. Protect your face from strong sunlight by wearing a hat or using a high factor sunscreen (at least SPF 15). Try to avoid using tanning beds as these can make the condition worse. If you are on any medication, consult your doctor about whether or not it could be causing melasma. If you have a hormonal condition, such as menopause or polycystic ovary syndrome, then this may be contributing to the darkening of patches on your face.

If this is the case, then consider talking to your doctor about the condition and whether or not there are other options available for you.

Eat a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables. Some of the nutrients in these foods may help to prevent dark patches from forming on your skin. Eat more carotene-rich foods such as carrots, sweet potatoes and apricots.

Protect your skin from the sun’s rays. Wear sunscreen whenever you go outside, even during winter.

Treat the dark patches on your skin. Use a mild skin lightening product that contains ingredients such as kojic acid, licorice root extract, arbutin or niacinamide. These ingredients will help to fade the color of your skin.

Seek dermatological treatment. You can consult a dermatologist who may recommend a prescription medication to fade the patches of melasma. Your doctor may also perform a laser treatment to fade the dark patches.

The above self-care steps can be used to prevent melasma or lighten the patches that you already have. If these methods do not work, you can seek dermatological treatment or, in the most severe cases of melasma, a cosmetic surgeon could consider making an incision to cut away the darkened skin.

Sources & references used in this article:

7 Most Effective Home Remedies for Melasma by P Saini – Skin, 2018 – womenbuddha.com

Melasma Home Remedies: The Good, The Bad, And The Natural by P Walker – clearifirx.com

Melasma in Latina patients: cross-cultural adaptation and validation of a quality-of-life questionnaire in Spanish language by AR Dominguez, R Balkrishnan, AR Ellzey… – Journal of the American …, 2006 – Elsevier

Guidelines for clinical trials in melasma by A Pandya, M Berneburg, JP Ortonne… – British Journal of …, 2006 – Wiley Online Library