Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism: What’s the Difference

Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism Symptoms Chart

Hyperthyroidism Symptoms Chart

The following are some of the most common symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism: Fatigue, Weight gain, Depression, Sleep problems, Irritability, Anxiety, Muscle aches and pains.

What is Hypothyroidism?

A thyroid disorder occurs when your body produces too little of the hormone thyroxine (T4) or makes too much of it. Thyrotoxicosis is one type of thyroid disease. Another type of thyroid disease is called Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis which causes excess production of antibodies against thyroids and other organs in the body.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Most people with hypothyroidism do not have any symptoms. However, if you are over age 65 years old, you may experience fatigue, weight loss, depression and sleep difficulties. If you have these symptoms, then it means that your body is producing too little T4 or making too much T4.

Difference Between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism is the low levels or under production of thyroid hormones, while hyperthyroidism is the overproduction of thyroid hormones.

Dangers of Under-treated hypothyroidism

It can lead to high cholesterol and heart disease. It can also cause miscarriages in women who are or who want to get pregnant.

Dangers of Over-treated hypothyroidism

You may feel weak or tired if you take too much thyroid hormone replacement.

What is hyperthyroidism?

The thyroid gland overproduces the hormones T3 and T4, causing an increase in the body’s metabolism. This causes a number of physical and mental symptoms. People with hyperthyroidism may experience nervousness, tremors, insomnia, rapid heartbeat, and weight loss.

What is the treatment for each condition?

Treatment of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism depends on the cause of the disease. Most cases of hypothyroidism are caused by autoimmune diseases such as Grave’s disease. In such cases, the thyroid is overactive and hence leads to overproduction of T3 and T4 hormones. The treatment for such cases consists of anti-thyroid medications.

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