Hydrocelectomy: What You Need to Know

What Is Hydrocelectomy?

Hydrocele is a swelling or collection of fluid inside the bladder. Usually it occurs due to a blockage of urine flow from the kidneys. Sometimes, it may occur due to other causes such as tumors, cysts, infections or even pregnancy (hydrops).

The most common cause of hydrocele is stones. Stones are small hard objects which may form inside the urinary tract causing pain and discomfort when passing urine. These stones can be either stone formation or mineral deposits in the urethra, which obstructs urine flow and creates a sensation of incomplete emptying of the bladder. There are many different types of stones, but they all have one thing in common – they block up the passage of urine and cause discomfort during urination.

If you have any type of kidney problem, then your body will naturally try to eliminate these stones through the normal means. However, if there is a blockage in the urinary tract, then the kidneys cannot do their job properly and stones can build up and become lodged in various parts of the urinary tract. They can cause severe pain when passing urine and eventually lead to damage to surrounding organs such as kidneys, bladder or lungs. It is important to seek medical treatment immediately if you suspect the presence of these stones.

What Are the Symptoms?

There are many different symptoms that may occur with the presence of stones. The most common ones are:

Pain when urinating

Blood in the urine

Feeling like you cannot empty your bladder completely

A feeling of an urgent need to constantly pass urine

Lower back pain on one side or around the hip

Nausea or vomiting

Pain around the testicles or groin area in men, especially during sexual activity.

What Are the Risks?

Urinary stones do not develop overnight. They may be there for months or even years before they become large enough to cause problems, such as blockage or other complications. In some cases, if the stones start to move around due to a change in position (such as lifting a heavy object), they can cause severe pain in surrounding organs such as the bladder or kidneys. This can sometimes lead to hospitalization for severe pain that does not go away.

Sources & references used in this article:

The burden of hydrocele on men in Northern Ghana by M Gyapong, J Gyapong, M Weiss, M Tanner – Acta tropica, 2000 – Elsevier

Knowledge and beliefs about elephantiasis and hydrocele of lymphatic filariasis and some socio-demographic determinants in an endemic community of Eastern … by BV Babu, RK Hazra, GP Chhotray, K Satyanarayana – Public Health, 2004 – Elsevier

Lymphatic filariasis related perceptions and practices on the coast of Ghana: implications for prevention and control by CK Ahorlu, SK Dunyo, KA Koram, FK Nkrumah… – Acta Tropica, 1999 – Elsevier

Hydrocele repair (child) by H Australia – 2019 – healthdirect.gov.au

Clinical Remarks on Cases of Hydrocele by JCO Will – Edinburgh medical journal, 1881 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Mr. Bransby Cooper on Hydrocele by BB Cooper – Provincial Medical and Surgical Journal, 1841 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Points from Letters: Treatment of Hydrocele by Injection by A Iqbal, A Sharif, A Asif – Cell, 2017

Transcription of Meeting on Therapeutics by WW Wilson – British Medical Journal, 1975 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov