How to treat an ingrown fingernail?
In order to remove ingrown nail, it must first be removed. There are various methods which can be used to do so. Some of them include:
1) Heat – This method involves heating the affected area with a hot iron or other heat source until the skin begins to blister and peel off.
2) Ice – This method involves freezing the affected area with ice cubes until the skin begins to freeze over.
3) Cold – This method involves applying cold water to the affected area until it turns black and becomes numb.
4) Laser – This method involves using a laser device to burn away at the nail plate causing it to fall off completely.
5) Chemical – This method involves using certain chemicals to dissolve the nail plate causing it to fall off completely.
The most common type of treatment for ingrown nails is called thermal therapy. Thermal therapy involves placing a person under a warm environment such as a sauna or steam room where they will have their hands immersed in hot water, usually for 20 minutes at a time.
This helps to relax the hands and causes blood flow to increase in the area. This is effective but it can also be quite irritating and painful for some people.
Once ingrown toenails are treated, you should make sure not to let them become ingrown again. One of the easiest ways to ensure this doesn’t happen is to keep your feet as clean and dry as possible at all times.
This means regularly cleaning your feet and wearing breathable shoes or sandals whenever possible. If you are overweight then you can also try to lose weight as this can put less pressure on your toes and thus cause fewer ingrown toenails in the future.
Corns and calluses are thick, hard areas of skin that develop as a result of placing pressure on the skin for long periods of time. While they often occur on the bottom of the feet, corns can also occur on other areas of the body such as the fingers.
Corns and calluses are similar in nature but are not the same thing. While a corn is basically just a thick area of skin, a callus is a thicker area of skin with a hard layer inside. While they both cause similar symptoms such as pain and irritation, corns and calluses develop for different reasons and can be treated in different ways.
An ingrown hair is a particular type of skin abnormality that develops when a hair grows into the skin instead of out of it. This can happen for a number of reasons including:
• The space between each section of the hair is too large.
• The hair has been damaged.
• The person suffers from a medical condition such as poor circulation or Hypertrichosis.
While ingrown hairs can happen to anybody, they are more common in people with thick hair. Women who frequently shave certain parts of their body are also more likely to suffer from ingrown hairs.
People who suffer from diabetes are also at a higher risk of developing them mainly due to poor blood circulation.
In most cases, ingrown hairs are painless. They only become noticable when the hair starts growing back out of the skin and rubs against it.
Common symptoms include redness, swelling and minor pain. In most cases an ingrown hair can be treated at home with basic over the counter products. However, if they are particularly painful then you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Treating ingrown hairs
1) Shaving – Using a sharp razor to gently shave the area of skin that is affected can help to expose the hair and expedite the healing process.
You should always make sure to shave in the direction of hair growth to avoid further irritation. After shaving you should apply an antiseptic rub to clean and disinfect the skin.
2) Waxing – If shaving is impractical, you can opt to have the hairs waxed instead.
This will effectively remove them from the skin and help them grow back in a normal direction.
3) Picking – Some people find relief from simply picking ingrown hairs themselves.
While this can be effective, it can also lead to scarring and further skin damage. It is best to see a doctor if the problem persists.
4) Tweezing – Using a good pair of tweezers you can carefully pluck the hairs that are ingrown.
This is most effective on smaller areas such as the eyebrows or chin.
5) Laser treatment – In more extreme cases the only option may be to seek professional help from a doctor or dermatologist.
They can remove the hair as well as the affected skin to prevent it from recurring in the future.
Toenail fungal infections are common foot and ankle problems that can affect one or multiple toes. They are caused by a group of mold-like fungi known as dermatophytes.
This is the same group of fungi that causes athlete’s foot and is spread in a similar way. While these toe infections are not serious and can easily be treated, they can be difficult to get rid of and if left untreated can cause permanent damage to the nails. It is important to keep your feet clean and dry as much as possible to prevent the skin on your feet from cracking and make it harder for fungus to infect them in the first place.
Signs and symptoms
The first sign of a nail fungus infection is typically an ugly color change in the infected nails. This can range from yellow to brown or black.
As the infection gets worse, the nails will become brittle and start to break, crumble or even separate from the skin. The surrounding skin may also become discolored and begin to ooze. Patients suffering from a particularly bad fungal infection may experience severe pain or even an unpleasant smell coming from their infected nails.
Treating nail fungus
1) OTC Medications – You can find a wide range of over the counter nail fungus treatments at your local pharmacy.
These usually come in the form of a liquid, spray or cream that you paint on the affected area. They typically contain one of two active ingredients: Tolnaftate or Ciclopirox.
These ingredients work by killing the fungus and allowing the nail to grow free of infection. The treatment typically needs to be applied twice daily for at least four months to ensure all of the fungus is killed and new healthy nail can grow in its place.
2) Prescription Medications – Some cases of toenail fungal infection may require stronger prescription medications if the over the counter treatments don’t prove effective.
Doctors can provide you with stronger topical liquids, ointments and creams that can be more effective, such as Sporanox. Patients may also be prescribe an injectable drug that kills the fungus in a matter of days, rather than weeks or months.
3) Laser Treatment – While not commonly available, some patients may be referred to a podiatrist who has the equipment necessary to cut, drill or laser off the fungal nail portion of the toe.
This often works better with toenails rather than fingernails as they are physically thicker and easier to work on. After the infected nail has been removed, the podiatrist will treat the area with medication and bandage it up to ensure no further infection can set in.
4) Dental Care – As strange as it may sound, poor dental hygeine has been linked to a higher chance of getting a fungal toenail infection.
Sources & references used in this article:
Ingrown and pincer nails: evaluation and treatment by E Haneke – Dermatologic Therapy, 2002 – Wiley Online Library
Method of treating ingrown nail by PG Vironda – US Patent 3,981,298, 1976 – Google Patents
Letter to the Editor: How to Manage a Real Clinical Rarity: Pluri-recurrent Ingrown Fingernail by M Zanatta, F Basile, G Basile, M Donati – jcadonline.com
Side guard protection device and method for treating ingrown nails by W Merritt – The 2008 Annual Meeting, 2008
Finger-nail shield. by J Meyerovich – US Patent 5,370,140, 1994 – Google Patents
Composition for treating ingrown toenails by AD Kindred – US Patent 1,135,382, 1915 – Google Patents
Composition and method for treating fingernails and toenails by EJ McLean Sr – US Patent 4,073,887, 1978 – Google Patents
Pediatric Ingrown Toenails by M Baldwin – US Patent 3,928,561, 1975 – Google Patents