How to Tell If You Have a Blood Clot

How to tell if you have a blood clot in your leg:

You will know if you have a blood clot in your leg when it feels like something is blocking the flow of urine or stool. When you are having pain, swelling, tenderness or numbness in one side of your body, then chances are that there’s a blockage somewhere else in your body. If you’re not sure whether you do have a blood clot, call up the doctor immediately!

Blood clots can form anywhere in the body, but they most commonly occur in the legs. They usually happen due to trauma such as falling down stairs or getting hit by a car. Other times, they may develop from certain medical conditions like diabetes or high cholesterol levels.

A blood clot occurs when platelets become stuck inside a vein (venous thrombosis) which results in a build up of plaque within the veins and arteries (deep venous thrombosis).

In some cases, the blood clot forms in the lungs.

The symptoms of a blood clot include:

Painful spasms in your legs and feet. These can range from mild to severe. Sometimes these spasms are so bad that you cannot walk at all.

The pain may radiate through your whole body and cause you to collapse onto the floor or even into unconsciousness.

Excruciating pain in your chest, back, arm or stomach. The pain lasts anywhere from a few minutes to even a few hours at a time. It is often triggered by coughing or sneezing and can easily be mistaken for the flu or the common cold.

Swelling and tenderness in one part of your body. This can also be an indication that you may have a blood clot. The swelling is usually most prominent in your feet and legs.

Fatigue and light-headedness. You may feel the exhaustion creeping up on you without any warning. It is as if you haven’t slept in days.

A sharp, irregular pounding in your chest. You feel like your heart is beating out of rhythm and this can be quite alarming since it comes on suddenly and without any warning.

A blue or gray tint to your skin. This is due to a lack of oxygen and can be a precursor to a heart attack.

How to get rid of blood clots:

The best thing you can do for a blood clot in your leg is to keep your foot elevated above the level of your heart whenever you are sitting or lying down. You can prop it up on a pillow or extra pants, just so long as the foot is higher than the heart.

Sources & references used in this article:

An evaluation of clinical signs in the diagnosis of venous thrombosis by J McLACHLIN, T RICHARDS, JC Paterson – Archives of Surgery, 1962 – jamanetwork.com

Family history unawareness of blood clot risk: links to misdiagnoses and illness uncertainties in personal and expert realms by R Parrott, SJ Hong, M Greenberg – Journal of health …, 2015 – Taylor & Francis

Patients’ perceptions and experiences of the prevention of hospital-acquired thrombosis: a qualitative study by PN Apenteng, D Fitzmaurice, I Litchfield, S Harrison… – BMJ open, 2016 – bmjopen.bmj.com

CT and MRI early vessel signs reflect clot composition in acute stroke by DS Liebeskind, N Sanossian, WH Yong, S Starkman… – Stroke, 2011 – Am Heart Assoc