How to Recognize and Treat Infected Blackheads?
Blackheads are the most common facial acne problem among young women. They cause a lot of pain, discomfort, irritation and even scarring. These little bumps form when dead skin cells clog pores (pores) or sebaceous glands produce oil (oil).
The two main types of blackheads are white heads and brown heads. White head is a small spot that appears on the top part of your nose, while brown head is larger than a pea and appears on the sides of your face. Brown spots appear due to excess sebum secreted from the sebaceous glands. Both types may occur together or separately depending upon factors such as age, skin type, genetics, hormones etc.
Brown heads usually disappear within a few days, but they will always remain with you forever. You’ll never forget them and you’ll probably keep getting them until you die.
So what’s the solution?
What Causes Blackheads?
White Head: Sebum is produced by the sebaceous glands. When it comes into contact with oxygen, it turns into oil which makes up the white head. If left unchecked, this buildup can lead to acne breakouts.
Brown Head: The thick, often dry, dead cells that line the opening of the hair follicles trigger the oil glands to produce more sebum. This over-production of sebum is what causes dark skin or a blackhead.
Other Types of Blackheads
Inflammatory Blackhead: The white head turns into a red or brown colour when it becomes an inflammatory blackhead. It looks like an infected whitehead. This could be the result of a number of reasons such as picking at it or squeezing it, but sometimes it’s just a random event due to your genetics.
Cystic Acne: Cystic acne is similar to inflammatory acne in that there are multiple, deeper-set whiteheads. This is often the result of an internal problem rather than just clogged pores. It may be the result of hormonal changes you experience during puberty or the onset of menopause.
How to Prevent and Treat Blackheads
Blackheads are a common occurrence for many people, especially adolescents and young adults. Regardless of your age or skin type, you can easily get blackheads on nose. If you have oily skin you may be more prone to blackheads than others, but everyone is susceptible. Fortunately, it’s usually easy to get rid of them without much hassle.
If you have a bunch of blackheads on nose or other parts of your face, there are a few things you can do to prevent them:
Exfoliation: This is the best way to get rid of dead skin cells which helps unclog pores. Use a facial scrub that’s made for your skin type and gently rub it in a circular motion all over your face, concentrating on your T-zone, the nose area and chin.
Even out your skin tone: Use a foundation or BB cream that matches your skin tone and reduce redness and sallow colour. This will prevent blackheads from making your face look uneven.
Use nose strips: These are strips that are infused with ingredients such as glycolic acid, salicylic acid or vitamins that help remove dead skin cells and unclog pores.
How do you Get Nose Blackheads?
Blackheads on nose are a common problem that everyone faces at some point or the other. Blackheads are actually tiny openings in the nose pores that contain a mixture of sebum and skin cells. Normally these pockets are small enough to keep the blackheads from being visible to others, but if they increase in size then they start appearing like dark spots on the nose. Picking or squeezing them can cause inflammation, so never do that.
How to Get Rid of Blackheads?
There are many ways in which you can get rid of blackheads. Here are a few of them:
1. Use an exfoliating scrub once or twice every week: Most tanning products contain ingredients that help eliminate dead skin cells and other clogging substances from the pores.
This will keep the size of the blackhead openings small enough to prevent them from appearing as black dots on the nose.
2. Look for products containing salicylic acid or glycolic acid: As opposed to chemical ingredients, these natural ingredients help prevent the blackhead openings from getting bigger and they also help remove dead skin cells that could clog the openings.
You can either buy products containing these ingredients or make your own facial scrub at home.
3. Apply an anti-acne product when you feel a blackhead coming: A good over-the-counter acne product can shrink a blackhead opening instantly.
The anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredients in these products also help prevent future blackheads or whiteheads from forming on the nose.
4. Use a pore cleanser: There are many over-the-counter pore cleansers available that can keep the blackhead openings from getting bigger and hence prevent them from becoming visible to others.
These products should be used daily.
5. Go for microdermabrasion: Dermatologists usually use this treatment to get rid of blackheads and other facial blemishes.
This involves treating the skin with a mechanical medium such as a scrub or a light liquid to remove the top layers of the skin. As a result, the pores are cleared of all clogging substances and hence no more blackheads appear on the skin.
6. Laser treatment: This is a fairly new method of getting rid of blackheads and whiteheads on the nose.
A laser is used to open up the blackhead openings without causing any damage to the skin around it. Although this is an expensive treatment, it has virtually no side effects and hence is worth a try.
7. Use tea tree oil: This is an essential oil that has amazing properties to prevent blackheads from appearing on the skin.
All you have to do is add a few drops of tea tree oil to your regular moisturizer and then twice a day apply this on the nose.
8. Ask your dermatologist: If nothing seems to work for you, it’s best to ask a dermatologist for professional help.
He might prescribe a more powerful medication for you or suggest some other method that would suit your needs.
Sources & references used in this article:
An investigation to determine whether immunity to infectious enterohepatitis (blackhead) of turkeys develops during enheptin treatment by HM DeVolt, FG Tromba, AP Holst – Poultry Science, 1954 – Elsevier
Home remedies for blackheads by A Goel – myupchar.com
Blackhead disease in turkeys: direct transmission of Histomonas meleagridis from bird to bird in a laboratory model by LR McDougald, L Fuller – Avian diseases, 2005 – aaapjournals.info
An outbreak of blackhead disease (Histomonas meleagridis) in farm-reared bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) by LR McDougald, M Abraham, RB Beckstead – Avian Diseases, 2012 – aaapjournals.info
Turkey blackhead control composition by HTTAP Area
Identifying rosacea: What all dentists should know by W Emanuel, HW Marson – US Patent 2,531,756, 1950 – Google Patents
Studies on Histomoniasis, or” Blackhead” Infection, in the Chicken and the Turkey by SS Fuchs – The Journal of the American Dental Association, 2003 – Elsevier