The following are some of the most common symptoms associated with acid reflux:
2) Irritability/Aggression (sometimes violent)
3) Vomiting or diarrhea (often bloody). Sometimes it occurs without any signs at all. If your baby does not have any symptoms, then there is no need to worry about it. However, if your baby experiences any of these symptoms, then you must seek medical attention immediately.
Causes of Acid Reflux:
1) Diet – Poor nutrition and lack of exercise can cause acid reflux.
Avoiding dairy products, sugar, coffee and alcohol may help prevent or treat the condition. Some experts recommend avoiding foods high in fat such as butter, cheese, cream etc.
2) Genetics – There are many factors that affect whether a person will develop acid reflux or not.
These include genetics, age, gender, weight gain and even diet.
3) Other Medical Conditions – Certain medications can cause stomach problems such as acid reflux.
Symptoms of Acid Reflux:
There are several different types of symptoms associated with acid reflux. They range from mild to severe and they usually occur within one day after eating certain foods or drinks. The symptoms vary depending upon the type of food or drink consumed and the individual’s body chemistry. If you have any concerns about your infant’s signs or symptoms, you should always seek immediate medical attention.
1) Digestive Problems – These include an upset stomach, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
This happens as a result of the acid from the stomach coming up into the oesophagus. As this is not a pleasant experience, it is only natural that your infant feels sick immediately after this occurs. The acid from the stomach is toxic and can result in serious complications.
2) Respiratory Problems – This includes coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
This is caused by the swelling of the oesophagus as a result of the acid reflux. As your infant begins to cough, the process of breathing is disrupted.
3) Skin Rash – Infants with acid reflux often suffer from skin rashes as a result of constant vomiting and diarrhea.
As your infant’s skin is exposed to stomach acid, it can cause a rash or burning sensation.
Treatment for Acid Reflux:
The treatment for acid reflux will depend upon the severity of your infant’s condition. In some cases, over the counter medications are sufficient enough to treat the condition. If your infant experiences vomiting, loss of apetite or diarrhoea, you should seek medical attention immediately.
1) Over The Counter Medication – In some cases, drugs such as Zantac or Pepcid can be effective at reducing the symptoms and occurrence of acid reflux in infants.
These drugs work by reducing the acid content of the stomach. They are available at most pharmacies without a prescription and are suitable for infants over one month old. Follow the instructions of your physician when taking these drugs.
2) Diet Changes – Certain foods can increase or decrease the occurrence of acid reflux.
It is important that you make diet changes in order to prevent further irritation or damage to your infant’s oesophagus. Cut out all foods and beverages that can trigger acid reflux such as caffeine and alcohol. You may also have to eliminate spicy or acidic foods such as tomatoes.
3) Surgery – In extreme cases, surgery may be necessary if the damage done to the oesophagus is too extensive to heal naturally.
Surgical procedures involve either putting an artificial ring around the oesophagus to keep acid out, or by cutting a hole between the stomach and the mouth so that stomach acid can be emptied directly into the mouth after eating.
Prevention of Acid Reflux:
In order to prevent acid reflux in infants, you should follow the treatment plan recommended by your physician. You should also closely monitor your infant’s diet plan and let your physician know if you notice any changes.
1) Feeding Schedule – It is common for parents to want their infants to eat as frequently as they want to eat, or as frequently as older siblings do. It is important that you never feed your infant on demand or otherwise, as this can increase the chances of acid reflux.
2)Temperature – You should not let your infant sleep with a bottle. This can increase the chances of acid reflux as babies have a natural tendency to fall asleep when they are full. Also, the milk or formula should be at room temperature and should be administered in a flat, upright position.
3) Burping – After feeding your infant, you will need to burp them. Infants tend to have trouble burping on their own, so you may need to sit them upright and pat or rub their back until they belch. Never lay your infant down without first burping them as this can cause the milk or formula to go down the wrong pipe.
As infants grow, acid reflux becomes less of a problem. Most infants outgrow acid reflux by the time they are one year old. The most important aspect of treating acid reflux and eliminating its symptoms is consistency. It is vital that you follow your physician’s instructions in order to ensure your infant’s safety and quick recovery.
The larynx, also known as the voice box, is a tube-like organ located in the neck. The function of the larynx is to protect the trachea or windpipe and to produce sound for speech or singing. In some infants, the larynx is abnormally formed such that the infant has to breath out of his mouth in order to inflate his lungs. This condition is known as laryngomalacia and must be treated by a specialist.
1) Laryngomalacia occurs when the cartilage in the larynx, or voice box, has not formed properly while the infant is in the womb.
2) This causes a gap to form between the larynx and trachea, which makes it harder for the infant to breath.
3) The gap between the larynx and trachea is normally closed in other infants, but must remain open in cases of laryngomalacia so that the infant can breath.
4) The infant’s larynx is abnormally low when compared to his or her trachea, which is why the infant has to breath out of his or her mouth in order to inflate the lungs properly.
5) The infant’s voice is also affected by laryngomalacia as it causes a hoarse type of sound.
6) The condition is commonly seen in premature infants and may persist into adulthood for around ten percent of people who experienced it as infants.
Treatment for Laryngomalacia:
1) Very young infants who are experiencing breathing difficulties because of laryngomalacia may need to wear a special mask to help them breath properly.
2) The infant will also be given a tiny dose of steroids as soon as laryngomalacia is diagnosed.
3) This will ensure that the infant’s breathing passages remain open and that the infant is able to breath.
4) As the child gets older, there are many different surgical procedures that may be performed in order to eliminate any breathing problems caused by laryngomalacia.
Laryngomalacia is a serious condition that can be life-threatening if it is not diagnosed and treated promptly. If you suspect that your infant has laryngomalacia, it is vital that you seek medical attention right away.
A tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which an individual’s tonsils are removed from the body. This surgery is most often performed on children who suffer from severe cases of tonsillitis on a regular basis. There are also adults who get tonsillectomies for reasons other than recurring tonsilitis. The most common reason for an adult to get this surgery is in preparation for a future procedure such as organ or bone marrow donation.
In the past, tonsillectomies were very common in children and were often performed to treat recurring tonsillitis. Due to medical advances, tonsillectomies are not performed as often as they once were. In fact, it is more common to see a patient with tonsillitis in an emergency room than it is to see them in a pre-operation exam room.
In many cases, the tonsils have been shown to contain virus or bacteria that have accumulated and formed pus pockets which cause painful inflammation of the tonsils. In some cases, the tonsils can actually be perforated during a severe bout of tonsillitis. In these cases, it has been shown that removing the tonsils is often the best course of action.
Many medical professionals feel as if the risks of a tonsillectomy far outweigh any potential benefits. A large number of patients who have had their tonsils removed suffer from chronic throat pain for the rest of their lives. In some cases, this pain can be debilitating.