Femoral Neuropathy

Femorhinal Neuropathy (FN) is a condition where the nerves supplying blood flow to your legs are damaged or destroyed. The most common cause of FN is diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). Other possible causes include:

Parkinson’s disease – Parkinson’s disease affects the movement control system in the brain. It may lead to loss of balance and coordination, which leads to problems with walking, speaking, swallowing and other functions.

Cerebrovascular accident (stroke) – Cerebral vascular accidents are strokes caused by a blood clot blocking the flow of oxygenated blood from one part of the body to another. These strokes can occur when there is bleeding inside the brain or outside it.

They can affect any part of the brain, but they usually affect parts involved in movement, vision and hearing. Strokes can also result from head trauma such as being struck by a car or falling down stairs.

Malignant neoplasms – Malignant neoplasms are cancers that start in the cells of the body. These types of cancer often spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream.

Some malignancies can affect many different organs and tissues throughout your body. Examples include:

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) – Non- Hodgkins lymphoma is a form of leukemia that occurs in white blood cells called B cells. NHL affects the immune system.

It can also affect other parts of the body causing destruction and impairing normal organ function.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) – Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is similar to NHL in that it can impair normal body functioning and cause serious health complications over time. CLL affects a type of white blood cell called a B cell.

Multiple myeloma – Multiple myeloma is a cancer that begins in the plasma cells. Plasma cells produce proteins called antibodies to help your body fight infection.

Colon cancer – Colon cancer develops in the colon, a part of the digestive system. It may start as a small growth in the colon wall that can develop into a malignant tumor over time.

These tumors can sometimes block the passage of stool or cause bleeding.

Kidney cancer – Kidney cancer begins in the kidneys. The kidneys are organs that filter waste and toxins out of the blood.

If left untreated, kidney cancer can cause death.

Lung cancer – The lungs are two cone-shaped organs in the chest. They take oxygen from the air into the bloodstream and remove waste carbon dioxide from the bloodstream and return it to the atmosphere.

Most lung cancer occurs in the tissue of the lungs themselves. It can also occur in the large airways or the tissue around them.

Stomach cancer – The stomach is a hollow organ that holds food and begins the digestion process. Stomach cancer begins in the inner layer of the stomach, which is called the mucosa.

Lymphoma – Lymphomas are a form of cancer that develops in your body’s immune system cells, called lymphocytes. These cells produce and release proteins called antibodies that help your body fight infection.

Melanoma – Melanomas are a common but dangerous form of cancer that begins in the cells that produce pigment, which gives skin its natural color (melanin). Melanoma is a type of skin cancer.

At least 70,000 new cases of melanoma are diagnosed each year in the United States.

Ovarian cancer – Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries, which are two organs located in the pelvis that produce hormones and release eggs (ova) into the fallopian tubes.

Oral cancer – The mouth is made up of many different tissues that form the lips, cheeks, and jaws, as well as the tongue and the roof of your mouth. Most cancers that begin in these tissues form on the outside of the mouth or the lips.

Prostate cancer – The prostate is a part of the male reproductive system. It sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

Most cases of prostate cancer grow slowly and do not cause health problems.

Skin cancer – The skin is the largest organ of the body. Cells in the skin divide and grow into new skin cells as old ones die off.

When this process goes wrong, it can lead to the development of abnormal cells that can become cancerous over time.

Sources & references used in this article:

Postoperative femoral neuropathy. by C Walsh, A Walsh – Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics, 1992 – europepmc.org

Femoral neuropathy—a neurological complication of hysterectomy by J Rosenblum, GA Schwarz, E Bendler – Jama, 1966 – jamanetwork.com

The natural history of diabetic femoral neuropathy by SW Coppack, PJ Watkins – QJM: An International Journal of …, 1991 – academic.oup.com

Femoral neuropathy and anticoagulants. by WC Butterfield, RJ Neviaser, MP Roberts – Annals of surgery, 1972 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Femoral neuropathy subsequent to abdominal hysterectomy. A comparative study by JA Goldman, D Feldberg, D Dicker, N Samuel… – European Journal of …, 1985 – Elsevier