The most common cause of gout is inflammation of the joints. It causes pain and stiffness in your hands, feet, knees, hips and back. You may experience other symptoms such as loss of appetite or weight gain. Your blood pressure may rise when you walk or exercise. If left untreated it can lead to damage to vital organs like kidneys, heart and lungs.
Gout is caused by high levels of uric acid in your body. When uric acid builds up in the blood vessels, it damages them and leads to swelling and inflammation. This is why gout attacks the joints first. If not treated properly, gout can progress into a painful condition called rheumatoid arthritis which affects many parts of your body including your joints. Rheumatoid arthritis often progresses to multiple sclerosis (MS) if left untreated.
There are several ways to treat gout:
Take anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the build up of uric acid in your body. These medications include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen sodium (Aleve), celecoxib (Celebrex) and others. They work by reducing the amount of uric acid in your blood stream. However, they have side effects and some patients do not respond well to these medicines.
Use colchicine which is a prescription medication that reduces the swelling in your joints from gout. It also prevents future attacks of gout, but it does not get rid of accumulated uric acid in your body.
Taking Allopurinol or Uloric which help prevent the formation of uric acid. Your doctor may prescribe you this medicine if your blood tests show high levels of uric acid.
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