Effects of Ritalin on the Body

Effects of Ritalin on the Body: What are they?

Ritalin is a stimulant drug used mainly for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Its use was introduced in the late 1980’s. It has been shown to improve concentration and learning ability in children with ADHD. However, it may cause problems if taken regularly or excessively.

The most common side effect of ritalin is drowsiness. It can also affect your heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. Some people experience headaches, dizziness, nausea, or vomiting after using it. Other possible side effects include weight gain and depression.

Effects of Ritalin on the Brain: How does it Affect the Brain?

Ritalin affects brain functions in several ways. One way is by increasing dopamine levels in the brain. Dopamine plays a role in many mental processes such as motivation, reward, and pleasure. Another way ritalin affects the brain is through its action on serotonin receptors. Serotonin helps regulate mood and feelings of well being.

Serotonin increases in the brain when you take ritalin because it stimulates certain areas of your brain which contain these receptors. The effect is calming and produces a sensation of well-being. It also affects areas of the brain which control muscle movement. It reduces impulsiveness and hyperactivity by controlling how the brain regulates movement.

Another way that ritalin helps people with attention problems is by normalizing the amount of dopamine or norepinephrine in their brains. Norepinephrine helps transmit nerve signals across the gaps between nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain.

In people with attention problems, the amount of norepinephrine is increased in some areas of the brain but not others. By taking ritalin, the amount of norepinephrine increases in all areas of the brain so that nerve signals are transmitted properly.

Effects of Ritalin on Body: What Happens to Your Body?

Ritalin can produce negative effects on your body as well as your brain. Some of the most severe side effects include fast or irregular heartbeat, changes in blood pressure, and seizures. These tend to go away when you stop taking ritalin.

Other common side effects include stomach pain, headache, dry mouth, difficulty sleeping, dizziness, and drowsiness. Ritalin can also cause a loss of appetite in some people. More serious effects that have been reported are chest pain and problems with urination.

Effects of Ritalin on the Heart: What Does it do to the Heart?

The exact effect that ritalin has on your heart is not entirely known. Most of the reports of heart problems have occurred in people who took other medicines along with ritalin. Also, most of these problems occurred in people who had pre-existing heart conditions or took high doses of ritalin.

However, there have been some reports of people with no previous heart problems who experienced heart attacks after taking ritalin. In most of these cases, ritalin was the only new element in their lives. Since most people only take ritalin for a short period of time, the risk of heart problems is small.

Ritalin and Pregnancy: What Does it Do to an Unborn Baby?

Not much is known about the effects of ritalin on an unborn child. Ritalin should not be used by pregnant women because it has not been studied for use by pregnant women. It is also possible that the baby could have symptoms of withdrawal after birth.

Breastfeeding and Ritalin: What are the Effects?

Ritalin is transferred into the milk of breastfeeding mothers in small amounts. It is not known whether or not this has any effect on the child. Because of this, ritalin should not be taken while breastfeeding.

Seizures and Ritalin: What are the Effects?

Most people know what a seizure is. A seizure is caused by an electrical disturbance in the brain which causes a temporary disruption in normal brain function. Seizures are usually caused by medical conditions but can also be caused by too much alcohol or drug use.

There are two kinds of seizures: focal and general. Focal seizures occur in one part of the brain and cause unusual sensations (such as a strange taste in the mouth) or behavior without loss of consciousness. Generalized seizures occur when there is a disturbance in all of the brain and cause confusion, shaking, loss of consciousness, and sometimes muscle jerking. Focal seizures do not cause muscle jerking and are further classified into simple and complex.

Ritalin can cause a person to have a seizure. This is more common in children but has been reported in adults as well. Most of the time, ritalin-induced seizures occur in people who also have a seizure disorder or take too high of a dose.

How Seizures are Diagnosed

Since seizures are caused by electrical disturbances in the brain, they can be diagnosed with an electroencephalogram (EEG). An EEG is a procedure in which electrodes are placed on the scalp to measure the brain’s activity.

Ritalin Use and Seizure Disorders

Nearly 33 percent of children with seizure disorders experience ritalin-induced seizures because their brains are more sensitive to the effects of ritalin.

Ritalin Use and Focal Seizures (Simple and Complex)

Most ritalin-induced seizures are focal seizures. Ritalin can cause simple and complex focal seizures in people who don’t have a seizure disorder. This mainly occurs in children but there are adult reports as well.

Ritalin Use and Generalized Seizures

Ritalin can increase the risk of having a generalized seizure in people who don’t have a seizure disorder. Generalized seizures occur when the electrical disturbance effects the entire brain. Ritalin increases this risk mainly in children but there are adult reports as well.

Ritalin Use and Age

The younger a child is, the more likely ritalin is to cause a seizure. This is mainly due to the fact that the child’s brain is still developing and more “malleable”, so to speak.

Sources & references used in this article:

Effects of Ritalin on reading by RB Cooter Jr – Academic Therapy, 1988 – journals.sagepub.com

The effects of methylphenidate administration on the histological alterations of the lymphatic system in the Mice by A Louei Monfared… – Journal of Arak University …, 2016 – jams.arakmu.ac.ir

Effects of methylphenidate (Ritalin) on auditory performance in children with attention and auditory processing disorders by KL Tillery, J Katz, WD Keller – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing …, 2000 – ASHA

Ritalin update: Implications for reading teachers by RB Cotter Jr, PH Werner – Reading Psychology: An International …, 1987 – Taylor & Francis