Eardrum Repair

Eardrum Hole Surgery Cost in India:

The cost of eardrum hole surgery depends upon the type of operation performed. There are two types of ear drum surgeries done in India.

One is called “Tympanoplasty” and the other one is called “Earhole Surgery”. Tympanoplasty involves removing part or all of your tympanic membrane (ear drum). Earhole surgery involves cutting out a small opening in your skull. This procedure may require stitches or even plastic surgery. The cost of these procedures varies from country to country, but usually they are not cheap!

How Long Does It Take To Heal After Eardrum Surgery?

After an ear canal is opened up with a scalpel, the healing time can vary depending on several factors such as the size of the hole made and whether or not there were any complications during the procedure. For example, if the hole was too big, then it could take longer than usual before the ear drum heals completely. If there were complications during the procedure, then it could take longer than usual to get back to normal. The length of time it takes for your ears to heal will depend on many things including how much damage was done and what kind of surgery you had.

What Are Some Other Things You Should Know About Eardrum Surgery?

There are many things that can go wrong with your eardrums other than holes. You may have excess earwax, which could be clogging up the ear canal and causing a backup of fluid. You might have an infection in the Eustachian tube, or your Eustachian tubes could be clogged up with mucus. Your eardrums may just be perforated because you have been exposed to a lot of loud noises. You might also have had an injury to your eardrum in the past that has never been treated properly.

No matter what the cause is, you can find relief by contacting a skilled ENT specialist in your area. If you need immediate treatment for an ear infection, then contact the best ear doctors in your area right now!

You can also find out more about treating other ear conditions by reading the rest of the articles on this blog. You will learn all about how to prevent hearing loss and other tips for maintaining good ear health.

What Do We Offer Here?

Ear Hole Surgery: It is also known as a tympanoplasty. This surgery is done on patients who suffer from perforated eardrums or ossicular chain disruptions. An ossicular chain disruption means there is a problem with the bones that help transmit sound into the inner ear. Radio Frequency Ablation is another procedure used to treat these issues.

Eardrum Replacement: This surgery is done in case the tympanic membrane or the eardrum has been damaged. The surgeon will remove the perforated eardrum and then implant a man-made tympanic membrane to the ear.

This procedure is done to provide protection to the middle and inner ear from bacteria and germs.

Grommet insertion: This operation is also known as the ventilation tube insertion. During this procedure, a small plastic tube is placed in the eardrum of the patient.

The tube helps in equalizing the pressure inside and outside the ear when you are flying. This operation is done for people who are prone to ear infections or suffer from aerophobia.

At What Cost?

The cost of Eardrum surgery near me will be determined by several factors such as nearby hospitals, medical facilities and certified ENT doctors in the region, where you live. You can get an approximate idea of the cost by visiting the websites of different hospitals in your region. You can also consult the medical insurance provider to know about the coverage for this operation.

How is it Done?

The first step in the procedure is to examine whether you are a suitable candidate for this surgery or not. The doctor will look for various things such as your age, medical history, previous operations and family history. You will be asked several questions regarding your general health and any allergies you have. Your blood pressure and heart rate will be checked.

The physician will also examine your ear and the damaged eardrum to determine the cause of perforation. If the membrane is torn or ripped, there is no use of surgery.

The doctor will take a sample of the fluid in your middle ear to look for the presence of any infection or foreign bodies.

This test is very important because it will help the surgeon know whether you have an infection in your middle ear or not. A small cut is made on the ear drum to insert the needle used for taking out a sample of the fluid.

The test results will decide whether you need to take any antibiotics before or after the surgery.

After knowing about your general health and confirming that you do not have an infection, a date will be set for the surgery. Anesthesia will be administered and you may be kept asleep during the whole procedure.

Ear tubes will be made on the day of the surgery.

Aftercare

Once you wake up from the surgery, your ears may feel blocked for a few hours as there will be some fluid in them. To prevent pain and any further complications, it is important to keep your head elevated for the next two days.

No heavy lifting should be done for at least a week after the procedure. It is also vital to strictly follow the advice of your surgeon regarding medication and diet.

You will be given some written instructions telling you what to do and what not to do after the surgery. It is important that you follow these instructions as directed.

If you experience severe pain, fever, or if the ear becomes red or swollen, inform your doctor immediately.

Risks and Side Effects

Like any surgery, Eardrum surgery near me also has some risks and side effects. The most common side effect of this surgery is pain in the operated ear, which can last for several weeks.

Your ear may also feel blocked and you may face trouble hearing for a couple of days. You might experience some dizziness and ringing in the ear as well.

Although very rare, in some cases, the skin over the pinna (external part of ear) turns dark blue or black. If you notice any of these symptoms, you must inform the doctor immediately as it is a sign of nerve injury.

Infection is also a possibility as any surgery has its own share of risk. It is very important to take antibiotics as prescribed by your surgeon to avoid such complications.

Ear tubes must be cleaned regularly to prevent secretion from accumulating in them. If the secretions collect inside the tubes, it may lead to several complications.

It is important that your doctor monitors your progress and checks the functioning of ear tubes at regular intervals. Any complications should be brought to the notice of your doctor immediately.

Benefits

As mentioned, Eardrum surgery near me is a very simple surgical process that provides instant relief from ear pain or annoyance due to persistent ear discharge. It benefits people of all age groups and both sexes.

Most people experience full recovery within a week.

The operation can benefit persons of all age groups. Children younger than 5 years and above 60 years are usually not considered for this surgery as the process is thought to be too risky for them.

In most cases, peoples’ hearing gets better after the operation.

As with any other surgery, Eardrum surgery also has some risks and side effects. You must consult an ENT specialist to know about these factors in detail.

Eardrum Retraction

Ear discomfort is a condition where the eardrum gets retracted or pulled inward into the ear canal. This condition nearly always occurs in persons who have had a history of ear discharge, such as swimmers or divers with perforated eardrums.

It can also be caused by excessive exposure to loud sounds or by foreign bodies in the ear. Children seem to be more prone to this problem than adults.

A retracted ear drum can cause a variety of symptoms. The patient may experience extreme ear pain, especially when the atmospheric pressure changes suddenly.

The pain can be so severe that it may result in temporary partial deafness and muffled hearing. Other common symptoms of ear retraction are itchiness, discharge from the ear, dizziness, ringing or roaring sounds (tinnitus) inside the ear, difficulty in balancing oneself, and feeling of fullness or blockage in the ear.

Sometimes a retracted eardrum is accompanied by an ear infection or serous otitis media. This combination of factors can cause extreme pain and hearing loss.

What Are The Causes Of Eardrum Retraction?

Several medical conditions can lead to eardrum retraction.

Swimming or diving can lead to the pressure of surrounding water damaging the eardrum. This is especially true in case of extremely deep dives.

An ear infection or any other condition that causes serous otitis media (fluid in the middle ear) can also lead to perforation of the eardrum.

Exposure to extremely loud sounds for long periods or even brief exposure to very loud sounds can also lead to ear drum perforation. This is common among musicians, factory workers, hunters, soldiers, etc.

It may also happen when a foreign object is driven into the ear or in case of severe ear infection or flu. In children, conditions such as glue ear or otitis media can cause eardrum retraction. In some cases, the retraction is caused by birth defects or abnormalities in the structure of the ear.

What Are The Different Types Of Eardrum Retraction?

Eardrum perforation can be classified into four main types, depending upon its size and location.

If the hole is small and located in the middle part of the eardrum, it is called a punctum. If the hole is large and located in the middle, it is called a defectum.

If the hole is small but located towards the edge of the eardrum, it is known as a microperforation. If the hole extends through the full thickness of the eardrum and is visible on its outer surface, it is known as an evagination.

What Are The Symptoms Of Eardrum Retraction?

The most common symptom of eardrum retraction is ear pain. If the ear infection is very severe, you may also experience fever and general malaise. You may also experience hearing loss, pain or itching in the affected ear. Other symptoms include dizziness, ringing or roaring sounds (tinnitus) in the affected ear, feeling of fullness in the ear, problems in balancing, feeling of movement of fluid within the ear, etc. If the condition is not treated on time, it may lead to hearing loss.

How Is Eardrum Retraction Diagnosed?

The doctor will first examine your ear and possibly order X-rays or CT scans to look for any problems. The examination will reveal whether the condition is a hole, perforation or tear. It can also rule out other potential causes such as tumors or foreign objects in the ear.

How Is Eardrum Retraction Treated?

The treatment will depend upon the exact cause that leads to the eardrum perforation. If a hole is caused by excessive noise exposure or by swimming underwater, then avoiding such activities can help in preventing its worsening. In case of an ear infection or other disease, treating the disease may also resolve the eardrum problem.

Holes that are too large to heal on their own may require surgical repair. The procedure involves filling the perforation with a thin layer of tissue harvested from another area of your body (skin graft) or using a synthetic material to cover and protect the ear drum.

In case of punctum, the hole can be enlarged so that it can drain the fluid that is producing the feeling of fullness in your ear. This will relieve your symptoms but will not restore your hearing fully.

If the hole has resulted in hearing loss, a hearing aid may be recommended.

Can Eardrum Retraction Be Prevented?

The best way to prevent eardrum perforation is to avoid exposing your ears to excessively loud noise for long periods. This includes listening to very loud music using ear buds or headphones. If you are exposed to very loud noise, then it is wise to give your ears a break by exposing them to quieter noises or silence for at least 15-20 minutes before resuming exposure. This will help your ears recover and could prevent hearing loss or perforation of the eardrum.

While it is impossible to prevent an ear infection, you can reduce the risk by avoiding swimming in untreated water, getting your children immunized and not putting anything smaller than your elbow in your ear.

Sources & references used in this article:

Repair of central perforations of tympanic membrane by EL DERLACKI – AMA archives of otolaryngology, 1953 – jamanetwork.com

Eardrum regeneration: membrane repair by D Holmes – Nature, 2017 – nature.com

Eardrum perforation patch and eardrum undersurface scraper by K Hirata – US Patent 5,501,700, 1996 – Google Patents

A new method in eardrum perforation repair: Accordion myringoplasty technique by F Aksoy, A Yenigun, E Senturk, R Dogan… – American Journal of …, 2020 – Elsevier