Coagulase-Negative Staph Infection

Coagulase Negative Staph Infection (CNS)

A type of staph bacteria which causes skin infections. They are resistant to many antibiotics and have been linked with urinary tract infection (UTI). A UTI is a bacterial infection of the bladder or urethra. It may cause pain when urinating, burning when urination occurs, frequent need to go to the toilet and sometimes even blood in your urine.

The most common symptoms of a UTI include:

Painful urination that does not stop after passing urine. Painful, burning or painful urination. Urinary frequency – how often you pass urine. Urine color – it may look dark red, yellowish brown or cloudy. Blood in your urine – it may look like black tar, blood or watery material in your pee.

Nausea or vomiting.

Causes of UTIs include:

Infections such as sexually transmitted disease (STDs), certain medications, childbirth, diabetes mellitus, trauma and surgery. Certain foods and drinks can make you sick. These include alcohol, caffeine, tobacco products and some medicines. Smoking can increase the risk of getting a UTI too.

Menopause and sexual activity:

UTIs are more likely to occur in women between the ages of 16 and 35 because of sexual activity. They are more likely to happen with frequent sexual activity. They can also be triggered by pregnancy, not having given birth, having a baby or menopause. There may be other factors that increase your risk of getting a urinary tract infection (UTI), such as your diet, your medical history, your activity level and even your climate.

Diabetes can cause a higher risk of getting a UTI. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you may be more likely to develop a bladder infection. In women, sexual activity can trigger a bladder infection. Also, pregnant women are susceptible to developing a bladder infection called cystitis.

A kidney infection is an infection of one or both of the organs that make up the kidney. These organs are called the kidney.

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that involves the whole urinary tract, which consists of:

Your kidneys, which are organs that filter waste from your blood. The fluid drains into your bladder, which stores it until you go to the bathroom. Urine flows out of your body through your urethra, which is the tube that leads from your bladder to the outside of your body.

Sources & references used in this article:

Coagulase-negative staphylococcal infections by KL Rogers, PD Fey, ME Rupp – Infectious disease clinics of North America, 2009 – Elsevier

Species identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci from urinary tract isolates. by JF John, PK Gramling, NM O’dell – Journal of Clinical …, 1978 – Am Soc Microbiol

Antibody to the capsular polysaccharide/adhesin protects rabbits against catheter-related bacteremia due to coagulase-negative staphylococci by Y Kojima, M Tojo, DA Goldmann… – Journal of Infectious …, 1990 –

Coagulase-negative staphylococci: role as pathogens by J Huebner, MD, DA Goldmann, MD – Annual review of medicine, 1999 –

Laboratory, clinical, and epidemiological aspects of coagulase-negative staphylococci. by MA Pfaller, LA Herwaldt – Clinical microbiology reviews, 1988 – Am Soc Microbiol

Coagulase-negative staphylococci: pathogens have major role in nosocomial infections by C von Eiff, RA Proctor, G Peters – Postgraduate medicine, 2001 – Taylor & Francis