Cleft chin is a congenital condition where there are missing parts of the face. There are two types of cleft chin: Complete and Partial. A person with complete cleft chin will have one side completely closed off from the other. A person with partial cleft chin may only have part of their face partially covered by skin. Most cases occur when both parents carry a gene mutation that causes it. However, some cases happen due to genetic disorders like Down syndrome.
A person with cleft chin can’t eat, drink or breathe through their nose and mouth. They usually have no teeth at all. People with cleft chin can live normal lives, but they often suffer from social isolation because most people don’t want to be around them since they look different than everyone else. Some people choose not to associate with them because they think they’re weird.
The main problem with having a cleft chin is that it affects your self esteem. You might feel awkward, strange or even ugly sometimes. Sometimes you’ll just want to hide away from the world and won’t speak to anyone. Other times you might feel embarrassed talking about it so much that you won’t do anything socially useful such as going out or working in a job.
The condition is also passed on to your children, so it’s best to either not have any or prepare yourself for the psychological issues that might come with it. Once in a while a celebrity will have one, but they usually just cover it up with a goatee or something.
Cleft chin meaning
You might be wondering what a cleft chin means. In different cultures, it has different meanings attached to it. Cleft chin is believed to be a symbol of wealth in some areas, but in most parts it isn’t thought of too much. Having one doesn’t hold anyone back from leading a normal life, but having one might make you the target of bullying at some point in your life. Having a cleft chin means that you’ll have to work a little harder in life than others, but it really depends on how you react to things.
Cleft chin genetics
Genetically, cleft chin is caused by a mutation in the RUNX2 gene. This mutation prevents the seventh palate from closing all the way. Instead of forming a smooth edge along the top of your nose and mouth, there’s a diagonal edge where one part doesn’t connect to the other. Because of this, skin from the sides grows inwards like a web creating the cleft chin.
It’s mainly a dominant trait, but it can be recessive under some rare circumstances. This means if one of your parents has it, there’s a 50% chance you’ll also have it. However, if neither of your parents have it, there’s only a 1% chance of you getting it through random mutation.
Cleft chin treatment
Most cleft chin treatments involve skin grafting or surgery to remove the extra bits of skin. However, these procedures are very expensive and not covered by medical insurance. The cheapest method is to use makeup to cover it up, but that only works if the cleft isn’t too big. Another cheap method is to just tie a scarf around your chin and neck so no one can see it.
Sources & references used in this article:
Chin surgery: I. Augmentation–the allures and the alerts. by BM Zide, TM Pfeifer, MT Longaker – … and reconstructive surgery, 1999 – europepmc.org
Early secondary bone grafting of alveolar cleft defects: A comparison between chin and rib grafts by WA Borstlap, KLWM Heidbuchel, HPM Freihofer… – … -Maxillofacial Surgery, 1990 – Elsevier
Congenital median cleft of the chin by WJ STEWART – Archives of Surgery, 1935 – jamanetwork.com
Morbidity of chin bone transplants used for reconstructing alveolar defects in cleft patients by A Booij, GM Raghoebar, J Jansma… – The Cleft palate …, 2005 – journals.sagepub.com
Repair of alveolar clefts with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) in patients with clefts by M Chin, T Ng, WK Tom, M Carstens – … of Craniofacial Surgery, 2005 – journals.lww.com
An ancient Chinese text on a cleft lip by K Boo-Chai – Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 1966 – journals.lww.com
Surgical placement of a chin cleft concomitant with genioplasty. by MR Sher – Journal of Oral Surgery (American Dental Association …, 1980 – europepmc.org