Can Jock Itch (Tinea Cruris) Spread?
The answer to this question depends upon your personal opinion. If you have been suffering from jock itch for a long time, then yes, it’s possible that you might spread it to others. But if you are new to jock itch and haven’t suffered from it for some time, then there is no reason why you shouldn’t be able to keep yourself free of the disease.
Jock itch is one of the most common skin conditions. There are many reasons behind its occurrence. Some of them include:
1. Excessive sweating due to excessive physical activity or emotional stress
2. Stressful life events such as divorce, death of loved ones, job loss etc.
3. A family member with eczema
4. Exposure to certain chemicals such as those found in cleaning products and detergents
5. Certain medications like antibiotics, antihistamines, steroids etc.
6. Overuse of sunscreens and other chemical products which may cause photoaging of the skin cells causing premature aging of the skin.
7. Hot and humid weather conditions
Apart from these, there are other causes as well which may lead to the occurrence of jock itch.
The treatment for jock itch is usually topical antifungal creams. Over-the-counter medicines should be sufficient to clear up a case of jock itch unless it is a severe case.
If you are suffering from a severe case of jock itch or have reason to believe that you have been suffering from jock itch for a long period of time then you should consult a medical practitioner who may prescribe an antifungal medication such as Sporanox (itraconazole). This drug is usually given in the form of a tablet. The drug works by preventing the fungus from producing enzymes which are required for it to grow and replicate.
You should always wear clean loose underwear as tight underwear will only aggravate your condition. You should also keep the area dry and apply antifungal creams 2-3 times a day until the infection clears up. Avoid scratching the affected area unless you want to suffer from unwanted side effects such as liver damage and stomach pain.
Jock itch can be easily cured with the right medication and care. It is very important to take care of the affected area in order to recover quickly.
How long does jock itch last?
Jock itch can be cured within 2-4 weeks with the right medication and care. However, this period may be extended if you have a poor immune system or suffer from any medical condition which affects your overall health.
There are many reasons why people suffer from jock itch. Some of them are discussed below:
1. Poor hygiene: Not washing the groin area on a regular basis or not drying the area properly can lead to jock itch as the area can become warm and moist which is the perfect breeding ground for fungi and bacteria.
2. Excessive sweating: Some people suffer from excessive sweating of the groin area.
The reason behind this could be due to some underlying medical condition such as hyperthyroidism. This can also lead to fungal and bacterial infections.
3. Using unclean towels to dry the groin area: Using dirty towels can also lead to fungal and bacterial infections due to the contents of the towel being pressed against the skin.
This can also lead to other types of infections such as MRSA.
4. Compromised immune system: People with a weakened immune system are more prone to suffer from jock itch and may find it difficult to get rid of the infection.
5. Using dirty personal equipment: People who share towels, razors or clothing with others are more prone to suffer from jock itch because these items are usually kept in warm and moist conditions which are the perfect breeding ground for fungi and bacteria.
6. Tight clothing: Men who wear tight underwear are more prone to suffer from jock itch.
This is because the tight underwear presses up against the skin and does not allow it to “breathe”. The heat and moisture provided by the underwear combined with friction can lead to a fungal or bacterial infection of the skin.
7. Sauna, public pools and hot tubs: People who use public swimming pools or Jacuzzis are more prone to suffer from jock itch due to the fact that these contain a lot of moisture and warmth, which are the perfect breeding ground for fungi and bacteria.
8. Injections: People who have to get frequent injections are more prone to suffer from jock itch as the needle punctures the skin and can lead to small wounds, which are susceptible to fungal and bacterial infections.
9. Excessive exercise: People who do a lot of exercise are more prone to suffer from jock itch.
This is due to excessive sweat produced by the body which can lead to fungal and bacterial growth.
10. Diabetes: People who suffer from diabetes are more prone to suffer from jock itch as a symptom of the disease.
11. Age: It is more common for people to suffer from jock itch after the age of 40. This is due to a weakening of the immune system as a person gets older.
12. Geographic location: People who live in warm and humid areas are more prone to suffer from jock itch as fungi and bacteria grow very well in these conditions.
Sources & references used in this article:
Tinea Cruris by MM Pippin, ML Madden – StatPearls [Internet], 2020 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Tinea cruris in female prostitutes by L Otero, V Palacio, F Vazquez – Mycopathologia, 2002 – Springer
Diagnosis and management of common tinea infections by SL Noble, RC Forbes, PL Stamm – American family physician, 1998 – aafp.org
Dermatophyte (tinea) infections by AO Goldstein, BG Goldstein – Walthman, MA: UpToDate, 2017 – uptodate.com
Tinea Cruris by A Bishnoi, R Mahajan – … Pathogenomics of Sexually Transmitted …, 2018 – books.google.com
Common dermatophyte infections: a simple diagnostic test and current management by JT Crissey – Postgraduate medicine, 1998 – Taylor & Francis
Ringworm refers to infections caused by several fungi, commonly called tinea, that can grow on skin, hair, or nails. The descriptive name “ringworm” by S McSweeney-Ryan, M Sandel – 2knowthyself.org