Hemorrhoid is a condition where blood clots form inside the veins of your body. It may occur anywhere but most commonly occurs in the legs and rectum. They are not dangerous, however they can cause discomfort and pain when passing stool or urinating.
The symptoms of hemorrhoids vary from person to person depending on their genetics, age, health status, diet and other factors. However, there are some common symptoms of hemorrhoids:
Painful burning sensation when passing stools or urine
Feeling like you have to pass stool constantly (constipation)
Difficulty emptying your bowels (diarrhea)
Discomfort with urination due to painful sphincter muscles and/or diarrhea (urinary retention)
If you experience any of these symptoms, then you need to see a doctor immediately.
Causes of Hemorrhoid Bleeding
There are several possible causes of hemorrhoids, including:
Genetics – Your genes play a role in whether you develop hemorrhoids or not. Some people do not get them while others do. There is no way to prevent it. If you have one parent who does not have hemorrhoids, chances are high that your child will too.
Pregnancy – During pregnancy, hormonal changes in your body may increase the flow of blood in the veins of your rectum. This can cause hemorrhoids. This usually goes away after pregnancy when your hormones levels go back to normal.
Obesity – Those who are obese are more likely to develop hemorrhoids than those who have a healthy weight.
Straining while passing stool – This is one of the most common causes of hemorrhoids. It is an unfortunate reality that many people overlook. It usually does not happen immediately. It is usually over a period of months and years.
Other factors include diarrhea, aging, injury to the area, among others.
Hemorrhoids are classified into four degrees:
First-Degree – This is the most mild type of hemorrhoid. There are no changes in the tissue of the rectum. However, there are hemorrhoids present that can be felt during a digital rectal examination. They rarely cause bleeding, pain or itching and are discovered during a medical check-up.
Second-Degree – In this type of hemorrhoid, the veins in your rectum have swollen and may be prominent when you strain to pass stool. Painless rectal bleeding is common with this type of hemorrhoid and bowel movements. Itching, burning and pain sensations are also experienced.
Third-Degree (Internal) – In this type of hemorrhoid, the blood vessels in the rectum have swollen to such a size that they protrude inside your rectum. Straining with bowel movements will cause severe pain and large amounts of bleeding may be passed. Many people do not seek treatment for this type because they think the problem is too severe. However, many people live with this condition for years and lead happy, healthy lives.
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