Bruised Lung (Pulmonary Contusion)
The term “bruise” is used when referring to the skin or soft tissue injury caused by trauma. When it comes to pneumothorax, however, there are two types of injuries: 1) a puncture wound; 2) a tear in the airway.
A puncture wound occurs when air enters the lungs through a small hole in your body wall. The air may then go out through another hole in your body wall. A puncture wound is usually not life threatening if treated promptly. However, a tear in the airway is often fatal if left untreated.
A Pulmonary Contusion Is Not Just A Puff Of Smoke Or Smoke From Another Cigarette
When someone smokes cigarettes, they inhale smoke from other tobacco products such as cigars, pipes, hookahs and even some e-cigarettes. These products contain nicotine, which is addictive.
Nicotine causes the release of chemicals called catecholamines into the blood stream. Catecholamines affect various parts of the brain and nervous system, including those responsible for breathing.
Cigarettes cause damage to your lungs because they contain tar, carbon monoxide and other toxic substances that block oxygen flow to your bloodstream. Over time, these toxic substances build up in your body, making it more difficult for you to breathe normally.
Puffing on a cigarette causes smoke to enter your lungs. Toxic substances in the smoke can lead to a number of adverse health conditions, including lung cancer, emphysema and other serious respiratory problems.
Even a single cigarette can cause breathing difficulties that may be life-threatening. A single cigarette can cause a condition called “smoker’s cough”
Sources & references used in this article:
Pulmonary contusion by WE DeMuth, JM Smith – The American Journal of …, 1965 – americanjournalofsurgery.com
Pulmonary contusion: pathogenesis and effect of various resuscitative measures by JK Trinkle, RW Furman, MA Hinshaw, LR Bryant… – The Annals of Thoracic …, 1973 – Elsevier
Pulmonary contusion in children due to rubber bullet injuries by J Shaw – Br Med J, 1972 – bmj.com
Pulmonary contusion: Clinical experience by R Roscher, R Bittner, U Stockmann – Archives of Surgery, 1974 – jamanetwork.com
Effect of methylprednisolone sodium succinate on experimental pulmonary contusion by JL Franz, JD Richardson, FL Grover… – The Journal of thoracic and …, 1974 – Elsevier
Early onset pneumonia following pulmonary contusion: the case of Stonewall Jackson by MW Lively – Military medicine, 2012 – academic.oup.com
Pulmonary contusion by S Sattler, RV Maier – Thoracic trauma and critical care, 2002 – Springer
Contre-coup lung injury: evidence of existence by MA Rashid – Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 2000 – journals.lww.com
Development of a finite element-based injury metric for pulmonary contusion part I: model development and validation by JD Stitzel, FS Gayzik, JJ Hoth, J Mercier, HD Gage… – 2005 – sae.org