Bracelets and Devices for People with Epilepsy

What are the different types of seizures?

There are two main categories of seizures: focal and generalized. Focal seizures occur when there is only one type of seizure; they include those caused by head trauma or disease such as encephalitis, meningitis, and others. Generalized seizures happen when there are multiple types of seizures. For example, a person may have both focal and generalized seizures at the same time.

Focal Seizures

A focal seizure occurs when a brain area (or areas) is affected by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. These epileptic events usually start suddenly and last less than five minutes. They are often accompanied by some other symptoms, such as loss of consciousness, twitching or jerking movements, extreme tiredness, and difficulty speaking. A focal seizure can cause significant problems for the patient because it causes them to lose control over their actions. Some patients experience convulsions or even death due to these seizures.

Generalized Seizures

A generalized seizure occurs when a large number of brain cells become active in a particular part of the brain region. The types of seizures that occur during a generalized seizure depend upon which part of the brain is primarily affected. These events are often referred to as tonic-clonic, grand mal, or dyscontrol syndrome. They can cause the person’s entire body to tense up or become limp. Patients can bite their tongue, urinate, and soil themselves during a seizure.

A patient who suffers from these types of events may also experience loss of consciousness or short memory lapse. They may remain confused for a little while after the seizure has occurred.

Seizure Triggers in Epilepsy

There are many things that can trigger a seizure in someone who is suffering from epilepsy. These factors are known as “triggers,” and it is important that the patient should avoid them if possible in order to prevent a seizure from occurring.

Some of the potential seizure triggers include:

Skipping Meals

Stress or Anxiety

Sleep Deprivation

Alcohol Consumption


Stroke or Head Injury

Loud Noises or Bright Lights

Low Blood Sugar

Menstrual Cycle for Women (For some women)

If you have epilepsy, it is very important that you keep a record of what your potential seizure triggers are. This way, you can be prepared and avoid them whenever possible.

Who Should Use Seizure Alarms?

People who have epilepsy, or another medical condition that could result in an emergency situation, may be at a higher risk of complications if they do not receive immediate treatment after a medical emergency occurs. A seizure alarm can provide extra protection by quickly alerting others when a seizure occurs.

People at an increased risk of complications from a seizure include:

People who have recently been diagnosed with epilepsy

People who are suffering from an injury or serious illness.

People who have had brain surgery in the past.

People who have a medical emergency that causes them to lose consciousness.

How Do Seizure Alarms Help?

Seizure alarms can provide quick protection during a medical emergency.

Sources & references used in this article:

Readiness among people with epilepsy to carry body-worn monitor devices in everyday life: A qualitative study by M Beck, C Simony, I Zibrandtsen, TW Kjaer – Epilepsy & Behavior, 2020 – Elsevier

Needs for aids and equipment for the management of epilepsy in an Australian cohort by CL Peterson, H Coleman, C Walker – Epilepsy & Behavior, 2020 – Elsevier

Bracelet telephone device by JI Fernandez-Martinez – US Patent 6,408,072, 2002 – Google Patents