Are Prostate Nodules a Sign of Cancer?
Prostate nodules are benign growths in the tissue surrounding the prostate gland. They’re most often found on the skin around your groin area or behind your knees. But they can also appear anywhere else in your body, including inside organs like kidneys and lungs.
Most men with prostate problems have no symptoms at first; it’s only when their symptoms become severe that doctors suspect something is wrong.
The most common signs include:
Painful urination (urinary frequency) or incontinence (loss of control over urine flow)
A feeling of fullness in the bladder after passing urine, which may last for several hours or even days. Some men experience a burning sensation during this time. This symptom usually goes away without treatment. Sometimes, however, it can lead to urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Frequent urination (polyuria), especially at night, despite not having any desire to do so. Polyuria is a medical term used to describe excessive amounts of urine produced by the human body. Men with prostate problems are more likely than other men to produce large quantities of urine each day. This type of polyuria can cause fatigue, loss of energy and weight gain.
Urine that smells unpleasant or foul-smelling, or comes out cloudy or grainy in color. Cloudy urine can also be a sign of other illnesses, such as chlamydia, and shouldn’t be confused with the cloudy appearance of normal human urine.
Painful ejaculation (known medically as dysuria) or a noticeable burning sensation in the genital area.
A loss of appetite and weight loss, caused by the need to urinate so frequently.
Prostate cancer is a common killer disease among men. There are various types of prostate cancer, including:
A slow-growing cancer that never causes any problems or symptoms until the patient becomes so ill that he requires immediate medical attention. Unlikely to be detected through a simple physical examination, but can be diagnosed through medical tests and screenings.
A slow-growing cancer that grows steadily over several years before it causes any serious damage. While it may not be life-threatening, it can severely impair the quality of life and eventually become fatal.
A fast-growing cancer that spreads aggressively to surrounding tissues and organs. Most men don’t survive more than a few months after being diagnosed with this type of cancer.
It’s important to understand that most cases of prostate cancer are slow growing, and in many cases may never cause any harm at all.
Sources & references used in this article:
Differentiation of transitional zone prostate cancer from benign hyperplasia nodules: evaluation of discriminant criteria at multiparametric MRI by AL Chesnais, E Niaf, F Bratan, F Mège-Lechevallier… – Clinical radiology, 2013 – Elsevier
Value of power doppler and 3D vascular sonography as a method for diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer by JL Sauvain, P Palascak, D Bourscheid, C Chabi… – European urology, 2003 – Elsevier
Sister Mary Joseph nodule as the presenting sign of disseminated prostate carcinoma by P Deb, RS Rai, R Rai, E Gupta… – Journal of cancer …, 2009 – cancerjournal.net
Evaluation of annual examinations in the detection of cancer: special reference to cancer of the gastrointestinal tract, prostate, breast, and female generative tract by CB Jenson, DB Shahon, OH Wangensteen – Jama, 1960 – jamanetwork.com
Prostate cancer: the role of transrectal ultrasound and its impact on cancer detection and management by PJ Littrup, SE Bailey – Radiologic Clinics of North America, 2000 – Elsevier