Anuria Definition

The definition of anuria is the inability to produce urine. There are two kinds of anuria: oliguria and anuria. Oliguric means without urine production. Anemia is caused by lack of red blood cells (RBC).

These RBC are needed for proper oxygen transport through your body tissues and to carry out other functions such as cell division, bone growth, immune function, etc.. Anemia can occur due to several reasons. One reason could be due to genetic factors or environmental factors. Another cause could be from kidney disease. Some diseases may affect both hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Hematocrit is the percentage of red blood cells in your blood. Most people who have anemia are not aware of it. This is because the disease is usually mild. Another reason why people with anemia may sometimes ignore it the disease has no symptom at all. The symptoms of anemia can range from feeling weak and tired to more serious condition such as shortness of breath and dizziness especially if there is a lack of oxygen in the blood. If left untreated, anemia may worsen or even lead to death. So treatment is necessary.

Oliguria, meanwhile, is the presence of very small amounts of urine in the body. This can be caused by damaged or blocked kidney tubules. If left untreated, this can result to a buildup of waste and toxins which can damage other organs in the body. Oliguria may also cause extreme thirst, nausea, weakness, fatigue, and fainting.

In order to avoid these complications, people who suffer from oliguria must immediately seek medical attention.

Anuria Symptoms

There are some signs and symptoms that people who suffer from anuria usually experience. These can be divided into two: non-oliguric anuria and oliguric anuria. The first one, non-oliguric anuria, has no or little urine passage. People who are suffering from this type of anuria usually experience no or few urination.

They may also have a swollen stomach and may have fluid buildup in their body. To avoid these complications, it is necessary to seek medical attention immediately.

The second one, oliguric anuria has defined episodes of urine passage. People who are suffering from this type of anuria usually experience short passage of urine. Anuria symptoms in this type usually appear and disappear. Sometimes, the passage of urine can be between clear to a brownish color.

People who are suffering from oliguric anuria usually have varying symptoms and may experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, ringing in the ears, and confusion.

Anuria Causes

Now let us tackle the causes of anuria. There are several causes of anuria. These can be divided into two: congenital or inherited, and acquired or non-inherited. Congenital or inherited anuria is a disease that a person is born with.

This can either be due to genetic factors or the environment the fetus was in during pregnancy. Congenital anuria has no known cure at the moment and can only be managed with proper medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

Acquired anuria usually occurs after birth and can be caused by several reasons. These include diseases like kidney cancer or infection of the kidneys and other organs. Other causes of acquired anuria can be due to factors such as heavy drug use, low blood pressure, and diseases like cirrhosis or diabetes.

Treatment Options

The treatment options for anuria are dependent on its cause. If the anuria is congenital in nature, there is no known cure for it yet. However, the disease can be managed with proper medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes. Treatments may also include the surgical removal of damaged organs and other intensive procedures to improve kidney function.

Acquired anuria, meanwhile, can be treated with proper medication and dialysis. To avoid the risk of developing an anuric condition, it is important to seek immediate medical help if you experience it’s symptoms.

Sources & references used in this article:

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Anuria due to carbon tetrachloride intoxication by WR Guild, JV Young, JP Merrill – Annals of internal medicine, 1958 –

Neonatal anuria with maternal angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition. by FW Rosa, LA Bosco, CF Graham… – Obstetrics and …, 1989 –

Reversal of postoperative anuria by decompressive celiotomy by JH Smith, RC Merrell, TA Raffin – Archives of internal medicine, 1985 –

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Pharmacokinetics of vancomycin in anuria by BA Cunha, R Quintiliani, JM Deglin… – Reviews of infectious …, 1981 –

The renal lesion in traumatic anuria by EGL Bywaters, JH Dible – The Journal of Pathology and …, 1942 – Wiley Online Library